Non-standard: This feature is non-standard and is not on a standards track. Do not use it on production sites facing the Web: it will not work for every user. There may also be large incompatibilities between implementations and the behavior may change in the future.

The -webkit-device-pixel-ratio is a non-standard Boolean CSS media feature which is an alternative to the standard resolution media feature.

Note: This media feature is a WebKit feature. If possible, use the resolution media feature query instead.


The -webkit-device-pixel-ratio feature is specified as a <number> value. It is a range feature, meaning that you can also use the prefixed -webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio and -webkit-max-device-pixel-ratio variants to query minimum and maximum values, respectively.



The number of device pixels used to represent each CSS px. Although the value is a <number>, and thus doesn't syntactically allow units, its implicit unit is dppx.


/* A unit of "dppx" is implied: */
@media (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2) { ... }
/* ... is equivalent to: */
@media (min-resolution: 2dppx) { ... }

/* Similarly: */
@media (-webkit-max-device-pixel-ratio: 2) { ... }
/* ... is equivalent to: */
@media (max-resolution: 2dppx) { ... }



<p>This is a test of your device's pixel density.</p>


/* Exact resolution */
@media (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 1) {
  p {
    color: red;

/* Minimum resolution */
@media (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 1.1) {
  p {
    font-size: 1.5em;

/* Maximum resolution */
@media (-webkit-max-device-pixel-ratio: 3) {
  p {
    background: yellow;



Compatibility Standard
# css-media-queries-webkit-device-pixel-ratio

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also