This feature is non-standard and is not on a standards track. Do not use it on production sites facing the Web: it will not work for every user. There may also be large incompatibilities between implementations and the behavior may change in the future.

This feature is no longer recommended. Though some browsers might still support it, it may have already been removed from the relevant web standards, may be in the process of being dropped, or may only be kept for compatibility purposes. Avoid using it, and update existing code if possible; see the compatibility table at the bottom of this page to guide your decision. Be aware that this feature may cease to work at any time.


Requires Gecko 2.0(Firefox 4 / Thunderbird 3.3 / SeaMonkey 2.1)
Deprecated since Gecko 16

The -moz-device-pixel-ratio Gecko-only CSS media feature can be used to apply styles based on the number of device pixels per CSS pixel.

Do not use this feature. Use the resolution feature with the dppx unit instead.

-moz-device-pixel-ratio may be used for compatibility with Firefox older than 16 and -webkit-device-pixel-ratio with WebKit-based browsers that do not support dppx. Example:

@media (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), /* Webkit-based browsers */
       (min--moz-device-pixel-ratio: 2),    /* Older Firefox browsers (prior to Firefox 16) */
       (min-resolution: 2dppx),             /* The standard way */
       (min-resolution: 192dpi)             /* dppx fallback */ 

See this CSSWG article for compatibility good practices regarding resolution and dppx.

Note: This media feature is also implemented by Webkit and by IE 11 for Windows Phone 8.1 as -webkit-device-pixel-ratio. The min and max prefixes as implemented by Gecko are named min--moz-device-pixel-ratio and max--moz-device-pixel-ratio; but the same prefixes as implemented by Webkit are named -webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio and -webkit-max-device-pixel-ratio.


The number of device pixels per CSS pixel.

Media: media/visual
Accepts min/max prefixes: yes

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
-moz-device-pixel-ratio media feature
Chrome No support NoEdge ? Firefox Full support 4IE No support NoOpera ? Safari ? WebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoEdge Mobile ? Firefox Android ? Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android ?


Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: mdnwebdocs-bot, mfluehr, connorshea
Last updated by: mdnwebdocs-bot,