The src CSS descriptor of the @font-face rule specifies the resource containing font data. It is required for the @font-face rule to be valid.


/* <url> values */
src: url(; /* Absolute URL */
src: url(path/to/font.woff); /* Relative URL */
src: url("path/to/font.woff"); /* Quoted URL */
src: url(path/to/svgFont.svg#example); /* Fragment identifying font */

/* <font-face-name> values */
src: local(font); /* Unquoted name */
src: local(some font); /* Name containing space */
src: local("font"); /* Quoted name */
src: local("some font"); /* Quoted name containing a space */

/* <tech(<font-tech>)> values */
src: url(path/to/fontCOLRv1.otf) tech(color-COLRv1);
src: url(path/to/fontCOLR-svg.otf) tech(color-SVG);

/* <format(<font-format>)> values */
src: url(path/to/font.woff) format("woff");
src: url(path/to/font.otf) format("opentype");

/* Multiple resources */
src: url(path/to/font.woff) format("woff"), url(path/to/font.otf) format("opentype");

/* Multiple resources with font format and technologies */
src: url("trickster-COLRv1.otf") format(opentype) tech(color-COLRv1), url("trickster-outline.otf")



Specifies an external reference consisting of a <url>(), followed by optional hints using the format() and tech() component values that specify the format and font technology of the resource referenced by the URL. The format() and tech() components are a comma-separated list of strings of known font formats and technologies. If a user agent doesn't support the font technology or formats, it skips downloading the font resource. If no format or technology hints are supplied, the font resource is always downloaded.


An optional declaration that follows the url() value that provides a hint for the user agent on the font format. If the value is not supported or invalid, the browser may not download the resource, potentially saving bandwidth. If omitted, the browser will download the resource and then detect the format. If including a font source for backward-compatibility that is not in the list of defined keywords, enclose the format string in quotes. Possible values are described in the Font formats section below.

tech() Experimental

An optional declaration that follows the url() value that provides a hint for the user agent on the font technology. The value for tech() may be one of the keywords described in Font technologies.


Specifies the font name should the font be available on the user's device. Enclosing the font name in quotes is optional.

Note: For OpenType and TrueType fonts, <font-face-name> is used to match either the Postscript name or the full font name in the name table of locally available fonts. Which type of name is used varies by platform and font, so you should include both of these names to assure proper matching across platforms. Platform substitutions for a given font name must not be used.


Specifies the full name or postscript name of a locally-installed font face using the local() component value, which uniquely identifies a single font face within a larger family. The name can optionally be enclosed in quotes. The font face name is not case-sensitive.

Note: The Local Font Access API can be used to access the user's locally installed font data — this includes higher-level details such as names, styles, and families, as well as the raw bytes of the underlying font files.


The value of this descriptor is a prioritized, comma-separated list of external references or locally-installed font face names, where each resource is specified using url() or local(). When a font is needed, the user agent iterates over the set of references listed using the first one it can successfully activate. Fonts containing invalid data or local font faces that are not found are ignored and the user agent loads the next font in the list.

If multiple src descriptors are set, only the last declared rule that is able to load a resource is applied. If the last src descriptor can load a resource and doesn't include a local() font, the browser may download external font files and ignore the local version even if there is one available on the device.

Note: Values within descriptors that the browser considers invalid are ignored. Some browsers will ignore the whole descriptor if any item is invalid, even if only one item is invalid. This may affect design of fallbacks. See Browser compatibility for more information.

As with other URLs in CSS, the URL may be relative, in which case it is resolved relative to the location of the style sheet containing the @font-face rule. In the case of SVG fonts, the URL points to an element within a document containing SVG font definitions. If the element reference is omitted, a reference to the first defined font is implied. Similarly, font container formats that can contain more than one font load only one of the fonts for a given @font-face rule. Fragment identifiers are used to indicate which font to load. If a container format lacks a defined fragment identifier scheme, a simple 1-based indexing scheme (e.g., "font-collection#1" for the first font, "font-collection#2" for the second font, etc.) is used.

If the font file is a container for multiple fonts, a fragment identifier is included to indicate the sub-font that should be used, as shown below:

/* WhichFont is the PostScript name of a font in the font file */
src: url(collection.otc#WhichFont);
/* WhichFont is the element id of a font in the SVG Font file */
src: url(fonts.svg#WhichFont);

Font formats

The following table shows the valid font keywords and their corresponding font formats. To check if a font format is supported by a browser within CSS, use the @supports rule.

Keyword Font Format Common extensions
collection OpenType Collection .otc, .ttc
embedded-opentype Embedded OpenType .eot
opentype OpenType .otf, .ttf
svg SVG Font (deprecated) .svg, .svgz
truetype TrueType .ttf
woff WOFF 1.0 .woff
woff2 WOFF 2.0 .woff2


  • format(svg) stands for SVG fonts, and tech(color-SVG) stands for OpenType fonts with SVG table (also called OpenType-SVG color fonts), which are completely different.
  • The opentype and truetype values are equivalent whether the font file uses cubic bezier curves (within CFF/CFF2 table) or quadratic bezier curves (within glyph table).

Older non-normalized format() values have the following equivalent syntax; provided as a string enclosed in quotes for backward-compatibility reasons:

Old syntax Equivalent syntax
format("woff2-variations") format(woff2) tech(variations)
format("woff-variations") format(woff) tech(variations)
format("opentype-variations") format(opentype) tech(variations)
format("truetype-variations") format(truetype) tech(variations)

Font technologies

The following table shows valid values for the tech() descriptor and their corresponding font technologies. To check if a font technology is supported by a browser within CSS, use the @supports at-rule.

Keyword Description
color-cbdt Color bitmap data tables
color-colrv0 Multi-colored glyphs via COLR version 0 table
color-colrv1 Multi-colored glyphs via COLR version 1 table
color-sbix Standard bitmap graphics tables
color-svg SVG multi-colored tables
features-aat TrueType morx and kerx tables
features-graphite Graphite features, namely Silf, Glat , Gloc , Feat, and Sill tables
features-opentype OpenType GSUB and GPOS tables
incremental Incremental font loading
palettes Font palettes by means of font-palette to select one of many color palettes in the font
variations Font variations in TrueType and OpenType fonts to control the font axis, weight, glyphs, etc.

Formal definition

Related at-rule@font-face
Initial valuen/a (required)
Computed valueas specified

Formal syntax

<url> [ format(<font-format>)]? [ tech( <font-tech>#)]? | local(<font-face-name>)

<font-format>= [<string> | collection | embedded-opentype | opentype
 | svg | truetype | woff | woff2 ]

<font-tech>= [<font-feature-tech> | <color-font-tech>
 | variations | palettes | incremental ]

<font-feature-tech>= [feature-opentype | feature-aat | feature-graphite]

<color-font-tech>= [color-COLRv0 | color-COLRv1 | color-SVG | color-sbix | color-CBDT ]


Specifying font resources using url() and local()

The example below shows how to define two font faces with the same font family. The font-family is named MainText. The first font face has a regular font, and the second one is a bold version of the same font family.

/* Defining a regular font face */
@font-face {
  font-family: MainText;
  src: local(Futura-Medium),
    url('FuturaMedium.woff') format("woff"),
    url('FuturaMedium.otf') format("opentype");

/* Defining a different bold font face for the same family */
@font-face {
  font-family: MainText;
  src: local(Gill Sans Bold), /* full font name */
    local(GillSans-Bold), /* postscript name */
    url('GillSansBold.woff') format("woff"),
    url('GillSansBold.otf') format("opentype"),
    url("GillSansBold.svg#MyFontBold"); /* Referencing an SVG font fragment by id */
  font-weight: bold;

/* Using the regular font face */
p {
  font-family: MainText;

/* Font-family is inherited, but bold fonts are used */
p.bold {
  font-weight: bold;

Specifying font resources using tech and format values

The following example shows how to use the tech() and format() values to specify font resources. A font using color-colrv1 technology and opentype format is specified using the tech() and format() values. A color font will be activated if the user agent supports it, and an opentype non-color is provided as a fallback.

@font-face {
  font-family: "Trickster";
  src: url("trickster-COLRv1.otf") format(opentype) tech(color-COLRv1), url("trickster-outline.otf")

/* Using the font face */
p {
  font-family: "Trickster";

Fallbacks for older browsers

Browsers should use a @font-face with a single src descriptor listing possible sources for the font. Since the browser will use the first resource that it is able to load, items should be specified in the order that you'd most like them to be used.

Generally this means that local files should appear before remote files, and that resources with format() or tech() constraints should appear before resources that don't have them (otherwise the less-constrained version would always be selected). For example:

@font-face {
  font-family: "MgOpenModernaBold";
  src: url("MgOpenModernaBoldIncr.otf") format("opentype") tech(incremental), url("MgOpenModernaBold.otf")

A browser that does not support tech() above should ignore the first item and attempt to load the second resource.

Some browsers do not yet ignore invalid items, and instead fail the whole src descriptor if any value is invalid. If working with these browsers you can specify multiple src descriptors as fallbacks. Note that multiple src descriptors are attempted in reverse-order, so at the end we have our normal descriptor with all the items.

@font-face {
  font-family: "MgOpenModernaBold";
  src: url("MgOpenModernaBold.otf") format(opentype);
  src: url("MgOpenModernaBoldIncr.otf") format("opentype") tech(incremental);
  src: url("MgOpenModernaBoldIncr.otf") format("opentype") tech(incremental), url("MgOpenModernaBold.otf")

Checking if the user agent supports a font

The following example shows how to check if the user agent supports a font technology using the @supports rule. The block of CSS inside @supports will be applied if the user agent supports color-COLRv1 technology.

@supports font-tech(color-COLRv1) {
  @font-face {
    font-family: "Trickster";
    src: url("trickster-COLRv1.otf") format(opentype) tech(color-COLRv1);

  .colored_text {
    font-family: "Trickster";


CSS Fonts Module Level 4
# src-desc

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also