The adjacent sibling combinator (+) separates two selectors and matches the second element only if it immediately follows the first element, and both are children of the same parent element.

/* Paragraphs that come immediately after any image */
img + p {
  font-style: bold;
}

Syntax

former_element + target_element { style properties }

Example

CSS

li:first-of-type + li {
  color: red;
}

HTML

<ul>
  <li>One</li>
  <li>Two!</li>
  <li>Three</li>
</ul>

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Selectors Level 4
The definition of 'next-sibling combinator' in that specification.
Working Draft Renames it the "next-sibling" combinator.
Selectors Level 3
The definition of 'Adjacent sibling combinator' in that specification.
Recommendation  
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of 'Adjacent sibling selectors' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 7
Notes
Full support 7
Notes
Notes Internet Explorer 7 doesn't update the style correctly when an element is dynamically placed before an element that matched the selector.
Notes In Internet Explorer 8, if an element is inserted dynamically by clicking on a link the first-child style isn't applied until the link loses focus.
Opera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: fscholz,