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This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The image-rendering CSS property provides a hint to the browser about the algorithm it should use to scale images.

/* Keyword values */
image-rendering: auto;
image-rendering: crisp-edges;
image-rendering: pixelated;

/* Global values */
image-rendering: inherit;
image-rendering: initial;
image-rendering: unset;

This property applies to the element itself, as well as any images supplied in other properties for the element. It has no effect on non-scaled images. For example, if the natural size of the image is 100×100px but the page author specifies its dimensions as 200×200px (or 50×50px), then the image will be upscaled (or downscaled) to the new dimensions using the specified algorithm. Scaling may also apply due to user interaction (zooming).

Canvas can provide a fallback solution for crisp-edge/optimize-contrast through manual image data manipulation.

Initial valueauto
Applies toall elements
Inheritedyes
Mediavisual
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Syntax

Values

auto
Default value, the image should be scaled with an algorithm that maximizes the appearance of the image. In particular, scaling algorithms that "smooth" colors are acceptable, such as bilinear interpolation. This is intended for images such as photos. Since version 1.9 (Firefox 3.0), Gecko uses bilinear resampling (high quality).
crisp-edges
The image must be scaled with an algorithm that preserves contrast and edges in the image, and which does not smooth colors or introduce blur to the image in the process. This is intended for images such as pixel art.
pixelated
When scaling the image up, the "nearest neighbor" or similar algorithm must be used, so that the image appears to be composed of large pixels. When scaling down, this is the same as 'auto'.
The values optimizeQuality and optimizeSpeed present in an early draft (and coming from its SVG counterpart) are defined as synonyms for the auto value.

Formal syntax

auto | crisp-edges | pixelated

Examples

/* applies to GIF and PNG images; avoids blurry edges */
img[src$=".gif"], img[src$=".png"] {
  image-rendering: crisp-edges;
}
div {
  background: url(chessboard.gif) no-repeat 50% 50%;
  image-rendering: crisp-edges;
}

Live Examples

image-rendering: auto;

78% squares.gif 100% squares.gif 138% squares.gif downsized hut.jpg upsized blumen.jpg

image-rendering: pixelated; (-ms-interpolation-mode: nearest-neighbor)

78% squares.gif 100% squares.gif 138% squares.gif downsized hut.jpg upsized blumen.jpg

image-rendering: crisp-edges; (-webkit-optimize-contrast)

78% squares.gif 100% squares.gif 138% squares.gif downsized hut.jpg upsized blumen.jpg

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Image Values and Replaced Content Module Level 3
The definition of 'image-rendering' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Note: Though initially similar to the SVG image-rendering attribute, the values are quite different now.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support (auto) (Yes) No support 3.6 (1.9.2) No support[1] 11.60 (Yes)
crisp-edges No support No support 3.6 (1.9.2)-moz No support 11.60-o (Yes)[3]
pixelated 41.0 No support No support[2] No support 26.0 (Yes)[4]
optimizeQuality, optimizeSpeed No support No support 3.6 (1.9.2) No support 11.60 (Yes)
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 41.0 ? ? ? ?

[1] Internet Explorer 7 and 8 support the non-standard -ms-interpolation-mode property with two values (bicubic and nearest-neighbor):

  • applies only to images (JPG, GIF, PNG, ...)
  • in IE7 only for images without transparency
  • does not inherit
  • default value IE7: nearest-neighbor (low quality)
  • default value IE8: bicubic (high quality)
  • obsolete as of IE9

[2] This feature is not implemented yet. See bug 856337.

[3] Supported with the non-standard name -webkit-optimize-contrast.

[4] WebKit Nightly support, see WebKit bug 146771.