translate3d()

The translate3d() CSS function repositions an element in 3D space. Its result is a <transform-function> data type.

This transformation is characterized by a three-dimensional vector. Its coordinates define how much the element moves in each direction.

Syntax

translate3d(tx, ty, tz)

Values

tx
Is a <length> or <percentage> representing the abscissa of the translating vector.
ty
Is a <length> or <percentage> representing the ordinate of the translating vector.
tz
Is a <length> representing the z component of the translating vector. It can't be a <percentage> value; in that case the property containing the transform is considered invalid.
Cartesian coordinates on ℝ2 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ2 Cartesian coordinates on ℝ3 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ3

This transformation applies to the 3D space and can't be represented on the plane.

A translation is not a linear transformation in ℝ3 and can't be represented using a Cartesian-coordinate matrix. 100tx010ty001tz0001

Examples

Using a single axis translation

HTML

<div>Static</div>
<div class="moved">Moved</div>
<div>Static</div>

CSS

div {
  width: 60px;
  height: 60px;
  background-color: skyblue;
}

.moved {
  /* Equivalent to perspective(500px) translateX(10px) */
  transform: perspective(500px) translate3d(10px, 0, 0px);
  background-color: pink;
}

Result

Combining z-axis and x-axis translation

HTML

<div>Static</div>
<div class="moved">Moved</div>
<div>Static</div>

CSS

div {
  width: 60px;
  height: 60px;
  background-color: skyblue;
}

.moved {
  transform: perspective(500px) translate3d(10px, 0, 100px);
  background-color: pink;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Transforms Level 2
The definition of 'translate3d()' in that specification.
Editor's Draft Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
<transform-function>Chrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 3.5
Notes
Full support 3.5
Notes
Notes Firefox 14 removed experimental support for skew(), but it was reintroduced in Firefox 15.
Notes Before Firefox 16, the translation values of matrix() and matrix3d() could be <length>s, in addition to the standard <number>.
IE Full support 9
Notes
Full support 9
Notes
Notes Internet Explorer 9 supports 2D but not 3D transforms. In version 9, mixing 2D and 3D transform functions invalidates the entire property.
Opera Full support 10.5Safari Full support 3.1WebView Android Full support 2Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 11Safari iOS Full support 3.2Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0
3D supportChrome Full support 12Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 10IE Full support 10Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 4WebView Android Full support 3Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 10Opera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 3.2Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0

Legend

Full support  
Full support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.

See also