CSS:width

Summary

The width CSS property specifies the width of the content area of an element. The content area is inside the padding, border, and margin of the element.

The min-width and max-width properties override width.

  • Initial value auto
  • Applies to all elements but non-replaced inline elements, table rows, and row groups
  • Inherited no
  • Percentages refer to the width of the containing block
  • Media visual
  • Computed value the percentage or auto as specified or the absolute length
  • Animatable yes, as a length, percentage or calc(); when both values are lengths, they are interpolated as lengths; when both values are percentages, they are interpolated as percentages; otherwise, both values are converted into a calc() function that is the sum of a length and a percentage (each possibly zero), and these calc() functions have each half interpolated as real numbers.
  • Canonical order the length or percentage before the keyword, if both are present

Syntax

Formal syntax: [<length> | <percentage>] && [border-box | content-box]? | available | min-content | max-content | fit-content | auto
width: 300px        /* <length> values */
width: 25em

width: 75%          /* <percentage> values */

width: border-box   /* Keyword values */
width: content-box
width: max-content
width: min-content
width: available
width: fit-content
width: auto

width: inherit

Values

<length>
See <length> for possible units.
<percentage>
Specified as a <percentage> of containing block's width.
border-box
If present, the preceding <length> or <percentage> is applied to the element's border box.
content-box
If present, the preceding <length> or <percentage> is applied to the element's content box.
auto
The browser will calculate and select a width for the specified element.
max-content
The intrinsic preferred width.
min-content
The intrinsic minimum width.
available
The containing block width minus horizontal margin, border and padding.
fit-content
The larger of:
  • the intrinsic minimum width
  • the smaller of the intrinsic preferred width and the available width
Note: WebKit implements an earlier version of this value, under the name intrinsic, but as of June 2012, implements fit-content as well.

Examples

table { width: 100%; }

img   { width: 200px; }

form  { width: auto; }

p     { width: 40em; }

View the live example


p { background: gold }

The Mozilla community produces a lot of great software.


p {
  background: lightgreen;
  width: intrinsic;			/* Safari/WebKit uses a non-standard name */
  width: -moz-max-content;	/* Firefox/Gecko */
}

The Mozilla community produces a lot of great software.


p { background: lightblue;  max-width: -moz-min-content; }

The Mozilla community produces a lot of great software.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Basic Box Model Working Draft Added the max-content, min-content, available, fit-content, border-box, content-box keywords.
CSS Transitions Working Draft Lists width as animatable.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1) Recommendation Precises on which element it applies to.
CSS Level 1 Recommendation Initial specification.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support (Yes) 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 4 3.5 1.0 (85)
Animatability ? 16.0 (16.0) ? ? ?
max-content 22 -webkit 3.0 (1.9)-moz ? ? 2.0 (421) (intrinsic value)
min-content 22 -webkit 3.0 (1.9) -moz ? ? ?
available 22 -webkit 3.0 (1.9) -moz ? ? ?
fit-content 22 -webkit 3.0 (1.9) -moz ? ? ?
border-box and content-box Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? ? ? ? ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: Anonymous
Last updated by: Anonymous,
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