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The background-clip CSS property sets whether an element's background <color> or <image> extends underneath its border.

If the element has no background-image or background-color, this property will only have a visual effect when the border has transparent regions or partially opaque regions (due to border-style or border-image); otherwise, the border masks the difference.

Syntax

/* Keyword values */
background-clip: border-box;
background-clip: padding-box;
background-clip: content-box;
background-clip: text;

/* Global values */
background-clip: inherit;
background-clip: initial;
background-clip: unset;

Values

border-box
The background extends to the outside edge of the border (but underneath the border in z-ordering).
padding-box
The background extends to the outside edge of the padding. No background is drawn beneath the border.
content-box
The background is painted within (clipped to) the content box.
text
The background is painted within (clipped to) the foreground text.

Formal syntax

<box>#

where
<box> = border-box | padding-box | content-box

Examples

HTML

<p class="border-box">The background extends behind the border.</p>
<p class="padding-box">The background extends to the inside edge of the border.</p>
<p class="content-box">The background extends only to the edge of the content box.</p>
<p class="text">The background is clipped to the foreground text.</p>

CSS

p {
  border: .8em darkviolet;
  border-style: dotted double;
  margin: 1em 0;
  padding: 1.4em;
  background: linear-gradient(60deg, red, yellow, red, yellow, red);
  font: 900 1.2em sans-serif;
  text-decoration: underline;
}

.border-box { background-clip: border-box; }
.padding-box { background-clip: padding-box; }
.content-box { background-clip: content-box; }

.text {
  background-clip: text;
  -webkit-background-clip: text;
  color: rgba(0,0,0,.2);
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Backgrounds and Borders Module Level 3
The definition of 'background-clip' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition.
CSS Backgrounds and Borders Module Level 4
The definition of 'background-clip' in that specification.
Editor's Draft Add text value.

Initial valueborder-box
Applies toall elements. It also applies to ::first-letter and ::first-line.
Inheritedno
Mediavisual
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 1
Full support 1
Full support Yes
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Notes Webkit also supports the prefixed version of this property, and in that case, in addition to the current keywords, the alternative synonyms are: padding, border, and content.
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 4
Full support 4
Full support 49
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Notes Webkit also supports the prefixed version of this property, and in that case, in addition to the current keywords, the alternative synonyms are: padding, border, and content.
No support 1 — 4
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -moz-
Notes Used the -moz-background-clip: padding | border syntax.
IE Full support 9
Notes
Full support 9
Notes
Notes In IE 7 and IE 8 of Internet Explorer, this property always behaved like background-clip: padding when overflow was hidden, auto, or scroll.
Opera Full support 10.5
Full support 10.5
Full support 15
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Notes Webkit also supports the prefixed version of this property, and in that case, in addition to the current keywords, the alternative synonyms are: padding, border, and content.
Safari Full support 3
Notes
Full support 3
Notes
Notes Webkit also supports the prefixed version of this property, and in that case, in addition to the current keywords, the alternative synonyms are: padding, border, and content.
WebView Android Full support 4.1
Full support 4.1
Full support Yes
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Notes Webkit also supports the prefixed version of this property, and in that case, in addition to the current keywords, the alternative synonyms are: padding, border, and content.
Chrome Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Notes Webkit also supports the prefixed version of this property, and in that case, in addition to the current keywords, the alternative synonyms are: padding, border, and content.
Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 14
Full support 14
Full support 49
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Notes Webkit also supports the prefixed version of this property, and in that case, in addition to the current keywords, the alternative synonyms are: padding, border, and content.
Opera Android Full support 12.1
Full support 12.1
Full support 14
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Notes Webkit also supports the prefixed version of this property, and in that case, in addition to the current keywords, the alternative synonyms are: padding, border, and content.
Safari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
content-boxChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 4IE Full support 9
Notes
Full support 9
Notes
Notes In IE 7 and IE 9 of Internet Explorer, it always behaved like background-clip: padding if overflow: hidden | auto | scroll
Opera Full support 10.5Safari Full support 3WebView Android Full support 4.1Chrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 14Opera Android Full support 12.1Safari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
text
Experimental
Chrome Full support Yes
Prefixed Notes
Full support Yes
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Notes Support the prefixed version of the property only; according to the official blog, WebKit does not include text decorations or shadows in the clipping.
Edge Full support 15
Full support 15
Full support 12
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Notes Support the prefixed version of the property only; according to the official blog, WebKit does not include text decorations or shadows in the clipping.
Firefox Full support 49
Full support 49
Full support 48
Disabled
Disabled From version 48: this feature is behind the layout.css.background-clip-text.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera Full support Yes
Prefixed Notes
Full support Yes
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Notes Support the prefixed version of the property only; according to the official blog, WebKit does not include text decorations or shadows in the clipping.
Safari Full support Yes
Prefixed Notes
Full support Yes
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Notes Support the prefixed version of the property only; according to the official blog, WebKit does not include text decorations or shadows in the clipping.
WebView Android Full support Yes
Prefixed Notes
Full support Yes
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Notes Support the prefixed version of the property only; according to the official blog, WebKit does not include text decorations or shadows in the clipping.
Chrome Android Full support Yes
Prefixed Notes
Full support Yes
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Notes Support the prefixed version of the property only; according to the official blog, WebKit does not include text decorations or shadows in the clipping.
Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 49
Full support 49
Full support 48
Disabled
Disabled From version 48: this feature is behind the layout.css.background-clip-text.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support Yes
Prefixed Notes
Full support Yes
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Notes Support the prefixed version of the property only; according to the official blog, WebKit does not include text decorations or shadows in the clipping.
Safari iOS Full support Yes
Prefixed Notes
Full support Yes
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Notes Support the prefixed version of the property only; according to the official blog, WebKit does not include text decorations or shadows in the clipping.
Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

See also