Our volunteers haven't translated this article into Türkçe yet. Join us and help get the job done!
You can also read the article in English (US).

The grid CSS property is a shorthand property that sets all of the explicit grid properties (grid-template-rows, grid-template-columns, and grid-template-areas), and all the implicit grid properties (grid-auto-rows, grid-auto-columns, and grid-auto-flow), in a single declaration.

Note: You can only specify the explicit or the implicit grid properties in a single grid declaration. The sub-properties you don’t specify are set to their initial value, as normal for shorthands. Also, the gutter properties are NOT reset by this shorthand.

Syntax

/* <'grid-template'> values */
grid: none;
grid: "a" 100px "b" 1fr;
grid: [linename1] "a" 100px [linename2];
grid: "a" 200px "b" min-content;
grid: "a" minmax(100px, max-content) "b" 20%;
grid: 100px / 200px;
grid: minmax(400px, min-content) / repeat(auto-fill, 50px);

/* <'grid-template-rows'> /
   [ auto-flow && dense? ] <'grid-auto-columns'>? values */
grid: 200px / auto-flow;
grid: 30% / auto-flow dense;
grid: repeat(3, [line1 line2 line3] 200px) / auto-flow 300px;
grid: [line1] minmax(20em, max-content) / auto-flow dense 40%;

/* [ auto-flow && dense? ] <'grid-auto-rows'>? /
   <'grid-template-columns'> values */
grid: auto-flow / 200px;
grid: auto-flow dense / 30%;
grid: auto-flow 300px / repeat(3, [line1 line2 line3] 200px);
grid: auto-flow dense 40% / [line1] minmax(20em, max-content);

/* Global values */
grid: inherit;
grid: initial;
grid: unset;

Values

<'grid-template'>
Defines the grid-template including grid-template-columns, grid-template-rows and grid-template-areas.
<'grid-template-rows'> / [ auto-flow && dense? ] <'grid-auto-columns'>?
Sets up an auto-flow by setting the row tracks explicitly via the grid-template-rows property (and the grid-template-columns property to none) and specifying how to auto-repeat the column tracks via grid-auto-columns (and setting grid-auto-rows to auto). grid-auto-flow is also set to column accordingly, with dense if it’s specified.

All other grid sub-properties are reset to their initial values.

[ auto-flow && dense? ] <'grid-auto-rows'>? / <'grid-template-columns'>
Sets up an auto-flow by setting the column tracks explicitly via the grid-template-columns property (and the grid-template-rows property to none) and specifying how to auto-repeat the row tracks via grid-auto-rows (and setting grid-auto-columns to auto). grid-auto-flow is also set to row accordingly, with dense if it’s specified.

All other grid sub-properties are reset to their initial values.

Formal syntax

<'grid-template'> | <'grid-template-rows'> / [ auto-flow && dense? ] <'grid-auto-columns'>? | [ auto-flow && dense? ] <'grid-auto-rows'>? / <'grid-template-columns'>

Example

HTML Content

<div id="container">
  <div></div>
  <div></div>
  <div></div>
  <div></div>
  <div></div>
  <div></div>
  <div></div>
  <div></div>
</div>

CSS Content

#container {
  display: grid;
  grid: repeat(2, 60px) / auto-flow 80px;
}

#container > div {
  background-color: #8ca0ff;
  width: 50px;
  height: 50px;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Grid Layout
The definition of 'grid' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Initial valueas each of the properties of the shorthand:
Applies togrid containers
Inheritedno
Percentagesas each of the properties of the shorthand:
Mediavisual
Computed valueas each of the properties of the shorthand:
  • grid-template-rows: as specified, but with relative lengths converted into absolute lengths
  • grid-template-columns: as specified, but with relative lengths converted into absolute lengths
  • grid-template-areas: as specified
  • grid-auto-rows: the percentage as specified or the absolute length
  • grid-auto-columns: the percentage as specified or the absolute length
  • grid-auto-flow: as specified
  • grid-column-gap: the percentage as specified or the absolute length
  • grid-row-gap: the percentage as specified or the absolute length
  • column-gap: as specified, with <length>s made absolute, and normal computing to zero except on multi-column elements
  • row-gap: as specified, with <length>s made absolute, and normal computing to zero except on multi-column elements
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 57
Full support 57
Full support 29
Disabled
Disabled From version 29: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 52
Full support 52
Full support 40
Disabled
Disabled From version 40: this feature is behind the layout.css.grid.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera Full support 44
Full support 44
Full support 28
Disabled
Disabled From version 28: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference.
Safari Full support 10.1WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57
Full support 57
Full support 29
Disabled
Disabled From version 29: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Mobile Full support 16Firefox Android Full support 52
Full support 52
Full support 40
Disabled
Disabled From version 40: this feature is behind the layout.css.grid.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 44Safari iOS Full support 10.3Samsung Internet Android Full support 6.0
Full support 6.0
Full support 6.0
Notes
Notes This was added early so is out of sync with the equivalent Chromium version.

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: wbamberg,