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The grid CSS property is a shorthand property that sets all of the explicit grid properties (grid-template-rows, grid-template-columns, and grid-template-areas), and all the implicit grid properties (grid-auto-rows, grid-auto-columns, and grid-auto-flow), in a single declaration.

Note: You can only specify the explicit or the implicit grid properties in a single grid declaration. The sub-properties you don’t specify are set to their initial value, as normal for shorthands. Also, the gutter properties are NOT reset by this shorthand.

Syntax

/* <'grid-template'> values */
grid: none;
grid: "a" 100px "b" 1fr;
grid: [linename1] "a" 100px [linename2];
grid: "a" 200px "b" min-content;
grid: "a" minmax(100px, max-content) "b" 20%;
grid: 100px / 200px;
grid: minmax(400px, min-content) / repeat(auto-fill, 50px);

/* <'grid-template-rows'> /
   [ auto-flow && dense? ] <'grid-auto-columns'>? values */
grid: 200px / auto-flow;
grid: 30% / auto-flow dense;
grid: repeat(3, [line1 line2 line3] 200px) / auto-flow 300px;
grid: [line1] minmax(20em, max-content) / auto-flow dense 40%;

/* [ auto-flow && dense? ] <'grid-auto-rows'>? /
   <'grid-template-columns'> values */
grid: auto-flow / 200px;
grid: auto-flow dense / 30%;
grid: auto-flow 300px / repeat(3, [line1 line2 line3] 200px);
grid: auto-flow dense 40% / [line1] minmax(20em, max-content);

/* Global values */
grid: inherit;
grid: initial;
grid: unset;

Values

<'grid-template'>
Defines the grid-template including grid-template-columns, grid-template-rows and grid-template-areas.
<'grid-template-rows'> / [ auto-flow && dense? ] <'grid-auto-columns'>?
Sets up an auto-flow by setting the row tracks explicitly via the grid-template-rows property (and the grid-template-columns property to none) and specifying how to auto-repeat the column tracks via grid-auto-columns (and setting grid-auto-rows to auto). grid-auto-flow is also set to column accordingly, with dense if it’s specified.

All other grid sub-properties are reset to their initial values.

[ auto-flow && dense? ] <'grid-auto-rows'>? / <'grid-template-columns'>
Sets up an auto-flow by setting the column tracks explicitly via the grid-template-columns property (and the grid-template-rows property to none) and specifying how to auto-repeat the row tracks via grid-auto-rows (and setting grid-auto-columns to auto). grid-auto-flow is also set to row accordingly, with dense if it’s specified.

All other grid sub-properties are reset to their initial values.

Formal syntax

<'grid-template'> | <'grid-template-rows'> / [ auto-flow && dense? ] <'grid-auto-columns'>? | [ auto-flow && dense? ] <'grid-auto-rows'>? / <'grid-template-columns'>

Example

HTML Content

<div id="container">
  <div></div>
  <div></div>
  <div></div>
  <div></div>
  <div></div>
  <div></div>
  <div></div>
  <div></div>
</div>

CSS Content

#container {
  display: grid;
  grid: repeat(2, 60px) / auto-flow 80px;
}

#container > div {
  background-color: #8ca0ff;
  width: 50px;
  height: 50px;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Grid Layout
The definition of 'grid' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Initial valueas each of the properties of the shorthand:
Applies togrid containers
Inheritedno
Percentagesas each of the properties of the shorthand:
Mediavisual
Computed valueas each of the properties of the shorthand:
  • grid-template-rows: as specified, but with relative lengths converted into absolute lengths
  • grid-template-columns: as specified, but with relative lengths converted into absolute lengths
  • grid-template-areas: as specified
  • grid-auto-rows: the percentage as specified or the absolute length
  • grid-auto-columns: the percentage as specified or the absolute length
  • grid-auto-flow: as specified
  • grid-column-gap: the percentage as specified or the absolute length
  • grid-row-gap: the percentage as specified or the absolute length
  • column-gap: as specified, with <length>s made absolute, and normal computing to zero except on multi-column elements
  • row-gap: as specified, with <length>s made absolute, and normal computing to zero except on multi-column elements
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support

57

291

16

52

402

No

44

283

10.1
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support57

57

291

16

52

402

4410.3

6.0

6.04

1. From version 29: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.

2. From version 40: this feature is behind the layout.css.grid.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.

3. From version 28: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference.

4. This was added early so is out of sync with the equivalent Chromium version.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: wbamberg,