TLD (トップレベルドメイン)

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TLD (トップレベルドメイン)は、インターネットの階層的な DNS (ドメインネームシステム) で最も一般的な domain です。TLD は domain name の最後の要素です。例えば、developer.mozilla.org の "org" です。

ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) designates organizations to manage each TLD. Depending on how strict an administrating organization might be, TLD often serves as a clue to the purpose, ownership, or nationality of a website.

Consider an example Internet address: https://developer.mozilla.org
Here org is the TLD; mozilla.org is the second-level domain name; and developer is a subdomain name. All together, these constitute a fully-qualified domain name; the addition of https:// makes this a complete URL.

IANA today distinguishes the following groups of top-level domains:

country-code top-level domains (ccTLD)
Two-character domains established for countries or territories. Example: .us for United States.
internationalized country code top-level domains (IDN ccTLD)
ccTLDs in non-Latin character sets (e.g., Arabic or Chinese).
generic top-level domains (gTLD)
Top-level domains with three or more characters.
unsponsored top-level domains
Domains that operate directly under policies established by ICANN processes for the global Internet community, for example "com" and "edu".
sponsored top-level domains (sTLD)
These domains are proposed and sponsored by private organizations that decide whether an applicant is eligible to use the TLD, based on community theme concepts.
infrastructure top-level domain
This group consists of one domain, the Address and Routing Parameter Area (ARPA).

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General knowledge

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