The opacity CSS property specifies the level of transparency of an element, that is, the degree to which the content behind the element is visible.

/* Fully opaque */
opacity: 1;
opacity: 1.0;

/* Translucent */
opacity: 0.6;

/* Fully transparent */
opacity: 0;
opacity: 0.0;

/* Global values */
opacity: inherit;
opacity: initial;
opacity: unset;

opacity applies to the element as a whole, including its contents, even though the value is not inherited by child elements. Thus, the element and its children all have the same opacity relative to the element's background, even if they have different opacities relative to one another.

Using opacity with a value other than 1 places the element in a new stacking context.

If you do not want to apply opacity to child elements, use the background property instead. For example:

background: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.4);

Initial value1.0
Applies toall elements
Inheritedno
Mediavisual
Computed valuethe specified value, clipped in the range [0,1]
Animation typea number
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Syntax

Values

<number>
A <number> in the range 0.0 to 1.0, inclusive, representing the opacity of the channel (that is, the value of its alpha channel). Any value outside the interval, though valid, is clamped to the nearest limit in the range.
Value Meaning
0 The element is fully transparent (that is, invisible).
Any <number> strictly between 0 and 1 The element is translucent (that is, content behind the element can be seen).
1 The element is fully opaque (visually solid).

Formal syntax

<number>

Examples

Basic example

div { background-color: yellow; }
.light {
  opacity: 0.2; /* Barely see the text over the background */
}
.medium {
  opacity: 0.5; /* See the text more clearly over the background */
}
.heavy {
  opacity: 0.9; /* See the text very clearly over the background */
}
<div class="light">You can barely see this.</div>
<div class="medium">This is easier to see.</div>
<div class="heavy">This is very easy to see.</div>

Different opacity with :hover

img.opacity {
  opacity: 1;
  filter: alpha(opacity=100); /* IE8 and lower */
  zoom: 1; /* Triggers "hasLayout" in IE 7 and lower */
}
 
img.opacity:hover {
  opacity: 0.5;
  filter: alpha(opacity=50);
  zoom: 1;
}
<img src="//developer.mozilla.org/media/img/mdn-logo.png"
  alt="MDN logo" width="128" height="146"
  class="opacity">

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Transitions
The definition of 'opacity' in that specification.
Working Draft Defines opacity as animatable.
CSS Color Module Level 3
The definition of 'opacity' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 1.0 (Yes) 1.0 (1.7 or earlier)[1] 9.0[2]
8.0
4.0
9.0 1.2 (125)[3]
Feature Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 1.0 (Yes) 1.0 (1.7)[1] 9.0[2]
8.0
4.0
9.0 3.2

[1] Prior to Gecko 1.7 (Firefox 0.9), the -moz-opacity property was implemented in a non-standard (inherited) way. With Firefox 0.9 the behavior changed and the property was renamed to opacity. After that, -moz-opacity was just an alias for opacity. Gecko 1.9.1 (Firefox 3.5 / Thunderbird 3.0 / SeaMonkey 2.0) and later do not support -moz-opacity, and support for MozOpacity in JavaScript was removed in Gecko 13 (Firefox 13 / Thunderbird 13 / SeaMonkey 2.10). Today, you should be using simply opacity.

[2] Prior to version 9, Internet Explorer did not support opacity. Instead, it supported a filter property with a value of alpha(opacity=xx) or "alpha(opacity=xx)" (both being equivalent). IE4 to IE9 supported the extended-form progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.Alpha(Opacity=xx). IE8 introduced -ms-filter, synonymous with filter. Both were removed in IE10.

[3] Similarly to -moz-opacity, -khtml-opacity has been dead since early 2004 (release of Safari 1.2). Konqueror never had support for -khtml-opacity and had been supporting opacity since version 4.0.

See also