grid-template

grid-templateCSS屬性是一個速記屬性,用於定義grid columns (en-US)rows (en-US),和area (en-US)

作者可以為長期屬性設置值:grid-template-rows (en-US),grid-template-columnsgrid-template-areas (en-US)

句法

/* Keyword value */
grid-template: none;

/* grid-template-rows / grid-template-columns values */
grid-template: 100px 1fr / 50px 1fr;
grid-template: auto 1fr / auto 1fr auto;
grid-template: [linename] 100px / [columnname1] 30% [columnname2] 70%;
grid-template: fit-content(100px) / fit-content(40%);

/* grid-template-areas grid-template-rows / grid-template-column values */
grid-template: "a a a"
               "b b b";
grid-template: "a a a" 20%
               "b b b" auto;
grid-template: [header-top] "a a a"     [header-bottom]
                 [main-top] "b b b" 1fr [main-bottom]
                            / auto 1fr auto;

/* Global values */
grid-template: inherit;
grid-template: initial;
grid-template: unset;

價值觀

none
是將所有三個長期屬性設置為的關鍵字none,表示沒有顯式網格。沒有命名的網格區域。行和列將隱式生成;它們的大小將由grid-auto-rows (en-US)grid-auto-columns (en-US)屬性確定。
<'grid-template-rows'> / <'grid-template-columns'>
grid-template-rows (en-US)grid-template-columns設置為指定值,並設置grid-template-areas (en-US)none
[ <line-names>? <string> <track-size>? <line-names>? ]+ [ / <explicit-track-list> ]?
Sets grid-template-areas (en-US) to the strings listed, grid-template-rows (en-US) to the track sizes following each string (filling in auto for any missing sizes), and splicing in the named lines defined before/after each size, and grid-template-columns to the track listing specified after the slash (or none, if not specified).

Note: The repeat (en-US) function isn’t allowed in these track listings, as the tracks are intended to visually line up one-to-one with the rows/columns in the “ASCII art”.

Note: The grid (en-US) shorthand accepts the same syntax, but also resets the implicit grid properties to their initial values. Use grid (as opposed to grid-template) to prevent these values from cascading in seperately.

Formal syntax

none | (en-US) [ (en-US) <'grid-template-rows'> (en-US) / <'grid-template-columns'> ] (en-US) | (en-US) [ (en-US) <line-names>? (en-US) <string> (en-US) <track-size>? (en-US) <line-names>? (en-US) ] (en-US)+ (en-US) [ (en-US) / <explicit-track-list> ] (en-US)? (en-US)

where
<line-names> = '[ (en-US)' <custom-ident> (en-US)* (en-US) '] (en-US)'
<track-size> = <track-breadth> | (en-US) minmax( <inflexible-breadth> , <track-breadth> ) | (en-US) fit-content( [ (en-US) <length> (en-US) | (en-US) <percentage> (en-US) ] (en-US) )
<explicit-track-list> = [ (en-US) <line-names>? (en-US) <track-size> ] (en-US)+ (en-US) <line-names>? (en-US)

where
<track-breadth> = <length-percentage> | (en-US) <flex> (en-US) | (en-US) min-content | (en-US) max-content | (en-US) auto
<inflexible-breadth> = <length> (en-US) | (en-US) <percentage> (en-US) | (en-US) min-content | (en-US) max-content | (en-US) auto

where
<length-percentage> = <length> (en-US) | (en-US) <percentage> (en-US)

Examples

CSS

#page {
  display: grid;
  width: 100%;
  height: 200px;
  grid-template: [header-left] "head head" 30px [header-right]
                 [main-left]   "nav  main" 1fr  [main-right]
                 [footer-left] "nav  foot" 30px [footer-right]
                 / 120px 1fr;
}

header {
  background-color: lime;
  grid-area: head;
}

nav {
  background-color: lightblue;
  grid-area: nav;
}

main {
  background-color: yellow;
  grid-area: main;
}

footer {
  background-color: red;
  grid-area: foot;
}

HTML

<section id="page">
  <header>Header</header>
  <nav>Navigation</nav>
  <main>Main area</main>
  <footer>Footer</footer>
</section>

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Grid Layout
The definition of 'grid-template' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

預設值as each of the properties of the shorthand:
Applies togrid containers
繼承與否no
Percentagesas each of the properties of the shorthand:
Computed value (en-US)as each of the properties of the shorthand:
Animation typediscrete

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also