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transition-duration CSS 屬性指定轉場動畫所需經歷的時間,以秒或是毫秒為單位。默認值為0,表示沒有任何轉場動畫。

你可以指定多個時間長度,每一個時間長度都會被應用在transition-property 設定的對應屬性上(which acts as a master list.) 如果指定的時間長度的數量比對應屬性的數量少,那麼時間長度就會被重複使用。反之,多餘的時間長度就會被刪去。而這兩種情況之下的CSS宣告都是有效的。

語法

/* <time> 值 */
transition-duration: 6s;
transition-duration: 120ms;
transition-duration: 1s, 15s;
transition-duration: 10s, 30s, 230ms;

/* 全域值 */
transition-duration: inherit;
transition-duration: initial;
transition-duration: unset;

<time>
<time>類型表示轉場動畫從舊狀態轉至新狀態所需要的時間。如果時間長度為0,表示沒有任何轉場,狀態之間會立即改變。若時間長度為負值則無效。

正式語法

<time>#

範例

transition-duration: 0.5s

 <div class="parent">
  <div class="box">Lorem</div>
</div>
  
.parent { width: 250px; height:125px;}
.box {
    width: 100px;
    height: 100px;
    background-color: red;
    font-size: 20px;
    left: 0px;
    top: 0px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top transform -webkit-transform color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:0.5s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top transform -webkit-transform color;
    transition-duration:0.5s;
    transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
}
.box1{
    transform: rotate(270deg);
    -webkit-transform: rotate(270deg);
    width: 50px;
    height: 50px;
    background-color: blue;
    color: yellow;
    font-size: 18px;
    left: 150px;
    top:25px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top transform -webkit-transform color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:0.5s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top transform -webkit-transformv color;
    transition-duration:0.5s;
    transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
}
function updateTransition() {
  var el = document.querySelector("div.box");
   
  if (el) {
    el.className = "box1";
  } else {
    el = document.querySelector("div.box1");
    el.className = "box";
  }
   
  return el;
}

var intervalID = window.setInterval(updateTransition, 7000);

transition-duration: 1s

 <div class="parent">
  <div class="box">Lorem</div>
</div>
  
.parent { width: 250px; height:125px;}
.box {
    width: 100px;
    height: 100px;
    background-color: red;
    font-size: 20px;
    left: 0px;
    top: 0px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top -webkit-transform color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:1s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top transform color;
    transition-duration:1s;
    transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
}
.box1{
    transform: rotate(270deg);
    -webkit-transform: rotate(270deg);
    width: 50px;
    height: 50px;
    background-color: blue;
    color: yellow;
    font-size: 18px;
    left: 150px;
    top:25px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top -webkit-transform transform color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:1s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top transform -webkit-transform color;
    transition-duration:1s;
    transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
}
function updateTransition() {
  var el = document.querySelector("div.box");
   
  if (el) {
    el.className = "box1";
  } else {
    el = document.querySelector("div.box1");
    el.className = "box";
  }
   
  return el;
}

var intervalID = window.setInterval(updateTransition, 7000);

transition-duration: 2s

 <div class="parent">
  <div class="box">Lorem</div>
</div>
  
.parent { width: 250px; height:125px;}
.box {
    width: 100px;
    height: 100px;
    background-color: red;
    font-size: 20px;
    left: 0px;
    top: 0px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top transform -webkit-transform color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top transform -webkit-transform color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
}
.box1{
    transform: rotate(270deg);
    -webkit-transform: rotate(270deg);
    width: 50px;
    height: 50px;
    background-color: blue;
    color: yellow;
    font-size: 18px;
    left: 150px;
    top:25px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top transform -webkit-transform color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top transform -webkit-transform color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
}
function updateTransition() {
  var el = document.querySelector("div.box");
   
  if (el) {
    el.className = "box1";
  } else {
    el = document.querySelector("div.box1");
    el.className = "box";
  }
   
  return el;
}

var intervalID = window.setInterval(updateTransition, 7000);

transition-duration: 4s

 <div class="parent">
  <div class="box">Lorem</div>
</div>
  
.parent { width: 250px; height:125px;}
.box {
    width: 100px;
    height: 100px;
    background-color: red;
    font-size: 20px;
    left: 0px;
    top: 0px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top transform -webkit-transform color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:4s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top transform -webkit-transform color;
    transition-duration:4s;
    transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
}
.box1{
    transform: rotate(270deg);
    -webkit-transform: rotate(270deg);
    width: 50px;
    height: 50px;
    background-color: blue;
    color: yellow;
    font-size: 18px;
    left: 150px;
    top:25px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top transform -webkit-transform color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:4s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top transform -webkit-transform color;
    transition-duration:4s;
    transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
}
function updateTransition() {
  var el = document.querySelector("div.box");
   
  if (el) {
    el.className = "box1";
  } else {
    el = document.querySelector("div.box1");
    el.className = "box";
  }
   
  return el;
}

var intervalID = window.setInterval(updateTransition, 7000);

規範

規範 狀態 備註
CSS Transitions
The definition of 'transition-duration' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition

預設值0s
Applies toall elements, ::before and ::after pseudo-elements
繼承與否no
Mediainteractive
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

瀏覽器支援情形

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 26
Full support 26
Full support 1
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Edge Full support 12
Full support 12
Full support 12
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
Full support 4
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -moz-
Full support 49
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Full support 44
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 44: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE Full support 10Opera Full support 12.1
Full support 12.1
Full support 15
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
No support 10 — 15
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -o-
Safari Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Full support 3
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
WebView Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Full support 2
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Chrome Android Full support 26
Full support 26
Full support Yes
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Edge Mobile Full support 12
Full support 12
Full support 12
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Android Full support 16
Full support 16
Full support 4
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -moz-
Full support 49
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Full support 44
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 44: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 12.1
Full support 12.1
Full support 15
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
No support 10 — 14
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -o-
Safari iOS Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Full support 3.2
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-

Legend

Full support  
Full support
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

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