height

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概要

高度(height) 的 CSS 屬性指定了元素內容區域的高度。content area 在元素的留白(padding)、邊框(border) 與 邊界(margin) 內。

min-heightmax-height 的特性比 height 更重要。

預設值auto
Applies toall elements but non-replaced inline elements, table columns, and column groups
繼承與否no
PercentagesThe percentage is calculated with respect to the height of the generated box's containing block. If the height of the containing block is not specified explicitly (i.e., it depends on content height), and this element is not absolutely positioned, the value computes to auto. A percentage height on the root element is relative to the initial containing block.
Mediavisual
Computed valuea percentage or auto or the absolute length
Animation typea length, percentage or calc();
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

語法

/* Keyword value */
height: auto;

/* <length> values */
height: 120px;
height: 10em;

/* <percentage> value */
height: 75%;

/* Global values */
height: inherit;
height: initial;
height: unset;

<length>
查看 <length> 可用的單位。
<percentage>
<percentage> 相對於元素的塊狀高度。如果沒有指定塊狀元素的高度,預設值為 auto。用在 root 元素 (e.g. <html>) 上是相對於初始塊狀元素(即顯示器的尺寸)。
border-box 
If present, the preceding <length> or <percentage> is applied to the element's border box.
content-box 
<length><percentage> 是應用於元素的 content box.
auto
瀏覽器將計算並選擇指定元素的高度。
fill
Use the fill-available inline size or fill-available block size, as appropriate to the writing mode.
max-content 
The intrinsic preferred height.
min-content 
The intrinsic minimum height.
available 
The containing block height minus vertical margin, border and padding.
fit-content 
The larger of:
  • the intrinsic minimum height
  • the smaller of the intrinsic preferred height and the available height

正式語法

[ <length> | <percentage> ] && [ border-box | content-box ]? | available | min-content | max-content | fit-content | auto

範例

HTML

<div id="red">
  <span>I'm 50 pixels tall.</span>
</div>
<div id="green">
  <span>I'm 25 pixels tall.</span>
</div>
<div id="parent">
  <div id="child">
    <span>I'm half the height of my parent.</span>
  </div>
</div>

CSS

div {
  width: 250px;
  margin-bottom: 5px;
  border: 3px solid #999999;
}

#red {
  height: 50px;
}

#green {
  height: 25px;
}

#parent {
  height: 100px;
}

#child {
  height: 50%;
  width: 75%;
}

規格

Specification Status Comment
CSS Basic Box Model
The definition of 'height' in that specification.
Working Draft Added the max-content, min-content, available, fit-content, border-box, content-box keywords.
CSS Transitions
The definition of 'height' in that specification.
Working Draft Lists height as animatable.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of 'height' in that specification.
Recommendation Adds support for the <length> values and precises on which element it applies to.
CSS Level 1
The definition of 'height' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition
CSS Intrinsic & Extrinsic Sizing Module Level 3
The definition of 'width' in that specification.
Working Draft Adds new sizing keywords for width and height.

瀏覽器兼容性

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 1.0 (Yes) 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 4.0 7.0 1.0
fill, fit-content, min-content, max-content 46.0 ?        
Feature Android Android Webview Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support 1.0 (Yes) (Yes) 1.0 (1) 6.0 6.0 1.0 (Yes)
fill, fit-content, min-content, max-content ? 46.0 ?         46.0

See also

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