grid-template

grid-template,CSS属性简写,用以定义网格中分区

所简写属性:grid-template-rowsgrid-template-columnsgrid-template-areas

语法

/* 值为关键词 */
grid-template: none;

/* 为 grid-template-rows / grid-template-columns */
grid-template: 100px 1fr / 50px 1fr;
grid-template: auto 1fr / auto 1fr auto;
grid-template: [linename] 100px / [columnname1] 30% [columnname2] 70%;
grid-template: fit-content(100px) / fit-content(40%);

/* 为 grid-template-areas grid-template-rows / grid-template-column */
grid-template: "a a a"
               "b b b";
grid-template: "a a a" 20%
               "b b b" auto;
grid-template: [header-top] "a a a"     [header-bottom]
                 [main-top] "b b b" 1fr [main-bottom]
                            / auto 1fr auto;

/* 为全局值 */
grid-template: inherit;
grid-template: initial;
grid-template: unset;

可设值

none
关键词,设上文“所简写属性”为none,即恢复默认设置。行列隐式生成,grid-auto-rowsgrid-auto-columns定其尺寸。
<'grid-template-rows'> / <'grid-template-columns'>
指定grid-template-rowsgrid-template-columns之值,并设grid-template-areasnone
[ <line-names>? <string> <track-size>? <line-names>? ]+ [ / <explicit-track-list> ]?
grid-template-areas为列得<string>grid-template-columns<explicit-track-list>(默认为none)、grid-template-rows<track-size>(默认为auto)并拼接尺寸前后所定义之行。

注:轨道被用以与“ASCII art”(即字符画,此处指<string>)中行列逐一视觉对齐,故<explicit-track-list>中不允许repeat()

注:grid可如此用,但将重置隐式网格属性。Use grid (as opposed to grid-template) to prevent these values from cascading in seperately.

语法形式

none | [ <'grid-template-rows'> / <'grid-template-columns'> ] | [ <line-names>? <string> <track-size>? <line-names>? ]+ [ / <explicit-track-list> ]?

where
<line-names> = '[' <custom-ident>* ']'
<track-size> = <track-breadth> | minmax( <inflexible-breadth> , <track-breadth> ) | fit-content( [ <length> | <percentage> ] )
<explicit-track-list> = [ <line-names>? <track-size> ]+ <line-names>?

where
<track-breadth> = <length-percentage> | <flex> | min-content | max-content | auto
<inflexible-breadth> = <length> | <percentage> | min-content | max-content | auto

where
<length-percentage> = <length> | <percentage>

示例

CSS

#page {
  display: grid;
  width: 100%;
  height: 200px;
  grid-template: [header-left] "head head" 30px [header-right]
                 [main-left]   "nav  main" 1fr  [main-right]
                 [footer-left] "nav  foot" 30px [footer-right]
                 / 120px 1fr;
}

header {
  background-color: lime;
  grid-area: head;
}

nav {
  background-color: lightblue;
  grid-area: nav;
}

main {
  background-color: yellow;
  grid-area: main;
}

footer {
  background-color: red;
  grid-column: foot;
}

HTML

<section id="page">
  <header>Header</header>
  <nav>Navigation</nav>
  <main>Main area</main>
  <footer>Footer</footer>
</section>

结果

规范

规范 状态 备注
CSS Grid Layout
grid-template
Candidate Recommendation 初定
初始值as each of the properties of the shorthand:
适用元素grid containers
是否是继承属性
Percentagesas each of the properties of the shorthand:
计算值as each of the properties of the shorthand:
Animation typediscrete

浏览器兼容性

BCD tables only load in the browser

相关链接