This is an experimental technology
Because this technology's specification has not stabilized, check the compatibility table for usage in various browsers. Also note that the syntax and behavior of an experimental technology is subject to change in future versions of browsers as the specification changes.


A Propriedade CSS transform permite modificar o espaço coordenado do modelo de formatação CSS. Usando-a, elementos podem ser traduzidos, rotacionados, ter seu tamanho ajustado e inclinados de acordo com os valores definidos.

Se a propriedade tem um valor diferente de none, um contexto de empilhamento será criado. Neste caso, o objeto atuará como um bloco recipiente para  position: fixed para os elementos que estão contidos.

Initial valuenone
Aplica-se aqualquer elemento transformavel
Percentagesrefer to the size of bounding box
Computed valueas specified, but with relative lengths converted into absolute lengths
Animatableyes, as a transform
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar
Creates stacking contextyes


Gramática Formal: <transform-função> [<transform-função>]* | none
transform: none
transform: matrix(1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0)
transform: translate(12px, 50%)
transform: translateX(2em)
transform: translateY(3in)
transform: scale(2, 0.5)
transform: scaleX(2)
transform: scaleY(0.5)
transform: rotate(0.5turn)
transform: skewX(30deg)
transform: skewY(1.07rad)
transform: matrix3d(1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0, 7.0, 8.0, 9.0, 10.0, 11.0, 12.0, 13.0, 14.0, 15.0, 16.0)
transform: translate3d(12px, 50%, 3em)
transform: translateZ(2px)
transform: scale3d(2.5, 1.2, 0.3)
transform: scaleZ(0.3)
transform: rotate3d(1, 2.0, 3.0, 10deg)
transform: rotateX(10deg)
transform: rotateY(10deg)
transform: rotateZ(10deg)
transform: perspective(17px)

transform: translateX(10px) rotate(10deg) translateY(5px)


Uma ou mais das  funções CSS transform para serem aplicadas, veja abaixo.
Espcifica que nenhuma função transform deve ser aplicada.


Veja Using CSS transforms.

Exemplo ao vivo:

pre {
     width: 33em;
     border: solid red;

    -webkit-transform: translate(100px) rotate(20deg);
    -webkit-transform-origin: 60% 100%;

    -o-transform:translate(100px) rotate(20deg); 
    -o-transform-origin:60% 100%;

    transform: translate(100px) rotate(20deg);
    transform-origin: 60% 100%;

CSS transform functions

The transform CSS property allows the coordinate system used by an element to be manipulated using transform functions. These functions are described below.


transform:  matrix(a, c, b, d, tx, ty)

/* Where a, b, c, d build the transformation matrix 
   ┌     ┐ 
   │ a b │
   │ c d │
   └     ┘
   and tx, ty are the translate values.  */

Specifies a 2D transformation matrix comprised of the specified six values. This is the equivalent to applying the transformation matrix [a b c d tx ty].

Note: Gecko (Firefox) accepts a <length> value for tx and ty. Webkit (Safari, Chrome) and Opera currently support a unitless <number> for tx and ty.

Live examples

 background: gold;  width: 30em;

 -webkit-transform: matrix(1, -0.2, 0, 1, 0, 0);
      -o-transform: matrix(1, -0.2, 0, 1, 0, 0);
         transform: matrix(1, -0.2, 0, 1, 0, 0);
 background: wheat;
 max-width: intrinsic;

 -webkit-transform: matrix(1, 0, 0.6, 1,  250, 0);
      -o-transform: matrix(1, 0, 0.6, 1,  250, 0);
         transform: matrix(1, 0, 0.6, 1,  250, 0);

See also


transform:  rotate(angle);       /* an <angle>, e.g.  rotate(30deg) */

Rotates the element clockwise around its origin (as specified by the transform-origin property) by the specified angle. The operation corresponds to the matrix [cos(angle) sin(angle) -sin(angle) cos(angle) 0 0].


transform:  scale(sx[, sy]);     /* one or two unitless <number>s, e.g.  scale(2.1,4) */

Specifies a 2D scaling operation described by [sx, sy]. If sy isn't specified, it is assumed to be equal to sx.


transform:  scaleX(sx);          /* a unitless <number>, e.g.  scaleX(2.7) */

Specifies a scale operation using the vector [sx, 1].


transform:  scaleY(sy)           /* a unitless <number>, e.g.  scaleY(0.3) */

Specifies a scale operation using the vector [1, sy].


This feature is non-standard and is not on a standards track. Do not use it on production sites facing the Web: it will not work for every user. There may also be large incompatibilities between implementations and the behavior may change in the future.

transform:  skew(ax[, ay])       /* one or two <angle>s, e.g.  skew(30deg,-10deg) */

Skews the element around the X and Y axes by the specified angles. If ay isn't provided, no skew is performed on the Y axis.

Note: The skew() function was present in early drafts. It has been removed but is still present in some implementations. Do not use it.

To achieve the same effect, use skewX() if you were using skew() with one parameter or matrix(1, tan(ax), tan(ay), 1, 0, 0) for the general way. Note that tan() isn't a CSS function and you have to precalculate it yourself.


transform:  skewX(angle)         /* an <angle>, e.g.  skewX(-30deg) */

Skews the element around the X axis by the given angle.


transform:  skewY(angle)         /* an <angle>, e.g.  skewY(4deg) */

Skews the element around the Y axis by the given angle.


transform:  translate(tx[, ty])  /* one or two <length> values */

Specifies a 2D translation by the vector [tx, ty]. If ty isn't specified, its value is assumed to be zero.


transform:  translateX(tx)       /* see <length> for possible values */

Translates the element by the given amount along the X axis.


transform:  translateY(ty)       /* see <length> for possible values */

Translates the element by the given amount along the Y axis.


Specification Status Comment
CSS Transforms Level 1
The definition of 'transform' in that specification.
Working Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support (Yes) -webkit 3.5 (1.9.1)-moz
16.0 (16.0)
9.0 -ms
3D Support 12.0-webkit 10.0-moz
16.0 (16.0)
10.0 Não suportado 4.0-webkit
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? ? ? ? ? ?


Internet Explorer 5.5 or later supports a proprietary Matrix Filter which can be used to achieve the similar effect.

Gecko 14.0 removed the experimental support for skew(), but it was reintroduced in Gecko 15.0 for compatibility reason. As it is non-standard and will likely be removed in the future, do not use it.

See also

Etiquetas do documento e colaboradores

 Colaboradores desta página: Sebastianz, fscholz, teoli, rafael.modos
 Última atualização por: Sebastianz,