A propriedade CSS de visibilidade pode mostrar ou ocultar um elemento sem afetar o layout de um documento (ou seja, o espaço é criado para elementos independentemente de serem visíveis ou não). A propriedade também pode ocultar linhas ou colunas em um <table>.

/* palavra-chave valores */
visibility: visible;
visibility: hidden;
visibility: collapse;

/* Global values */
visibility: inherit;
visibility: initial;
visibility: unset;

Nota: Para ocultar um elemento ou removê-lo do layout do documento, defina a propriedade display como none em vez de usar visibility.

Initial valuevisible
Aplica-se aall elements
Computed valueas specified
Animation typea visibility


A propriedade é especificada como um dos valores das palavras-chave listados abaixo.



The element box is visible.


The element box is invisible (not drawn), but still affects layout as normal. Descendants of the element will be visible if they have visibility set to visible. The element cannot receive focus (such as when navigating through tab indexes).


The collapse keyword has different effects for different elements:

  • For <table> rows, columns, column groups, and row groups, the row(s) or column(s) are hidden and the space they would have occupied is removed (as if display: none were applied to the column/row of the table). However, the size of other rows and columns is still calculated as though the cells in the collapsed row(s) or column(s) are present. This value allows for the fast removal of a row or column from a table without forcing the recalculation of widths and heights for the entire table.
  • Collapsed flex items and ruby annotations are hidden, and the space they would have occupied is removed.
  • For other elements, collapse is treated the same as hidden.

Formal syntax

visibility = 
visible |
hidden |


Visibility values are interpolable between visible and not-visible. One of the start or ending values must therefore be visible or no interpolation can happen. The value is interpolated as a discrete step, where values of the timing function between 0 and 1 map to visible and other values of the timing function (which occur only at the start/end of the transition or as a result of cubic-bezier() functions with y values outside of [0, 1]) map to the closer endpoint.


Exemplo básico


<p class="visible">The first paragraph is visible.</p>
<p class="not-visible">The second paragraph is NOT visible.</p>
<p class="visible">
  The third paragraph is visible. Notice the second paragraph is still occupying


.visible {
  visibility: visible;

.not-visible {
  visibility: hidden;

Table example


    <td class="collapse">1.2</td>
  <tr class="collapse">


.collapse {
  visibility: collapse;

table {
  border: 1px solid red;

td {
  border: 1px solid gray;


  • Support for visibility: collapse is missing or partially incorrect in some modern browsers. It may not be correctly treated like visibility: hidden on elements other than table rows and columns.
  • visibility: collapse may change the layout of a table if the table has nested tables within the cells that are collapsed, unless visibility: visible is specified explicitly on nested tables.


CSS Display Module Level 3
# visibility

Compatibilidade com navegadores

BCD tables only load in the browser