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The :visited CSS pseudo-class represents links that the user has already visited. For privacy reasons, the styles that can be modified using this selector are very limited.

/* Selects any <a> that has been visited */
a:visited {
  color: green;
}

Styles defined by the :visited pseudo-class will be overridden by any subsequent link-related pseudo-class (:link, :hover, or :active) that has at least equal specificity. To style links appropriately, put the :visited rule after the :link rule but before the :hover and :active rules, as defined by the LVHA-order: :link:visited:hover:active.

Styling restrictions

For privacy reasons, browsers strictly limit which styles you can apply using this pseudo-class, and how they can be used:

Note: For more information on these limitations and the reasons behind them, see Privacy and the :visited selector.

Syntax

:visited

Example

Properties that would otherwise have no color or be transparent cannot be modified with :visited. Of the properties that can be set with this pseudo-class, your browser probably has a default value for color and column-rule-color only. Thus, if you want to modify the other properties, you'll need to give them a base value outside the :visited selector.

HTML

<a href="#test-visited-link">Have you visited this link yet?</a><br>
<a href="">You've already visited this link.</a>

CSS

a {
  /* Specify non-transparent defaults to certain properties,
     allowing them to be styled with the :visited state */
  background-color: white;
  border: 1px solid white;
}

a:visited {
  background-color: yellow;
  border-color: hotpink;
  color: hotpink;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of ':visited' in that specification.
Living Standard  
Selectors Level 4
The definition of ':visited' in that specification.
Working Draft No change.
Selectors Level 3
The definition of ':visited' in that specification.
Recommendation No change.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of ':visited' in that specification.
Recommendation Lifts the restriction to only apply :visited to the <a> element. Lets browsers restrict its behavior for privacy reasons.
CSS Level 1
The definition of ':visited' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support1 Yes1 Yes3.51
Restrict CSS properties allowed in a statement using :visited for privacy6 Yes48 ?5
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support4.4 ? Yes4379.3 ?
Restrict CSS properties allowed in a statement using :visited for privacy ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

See also

Etiquetas do documento e colaboradores

Última atualização por: fscholz,