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The :out-of-range CSS pseudo-class represents an <input> element whose current value is outside the range limits specified by the min and max attributes.

/* Selects any <input>, but only when it has a range
   specified, and its value is outside that range */
input:out-of-range {
  background-color: rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.25);
}

This pseudo-class is useful for giving the user a visual indication that a field's current value is outside the permitted limits.

Note: This pseudo-class only applies to elements that have (and can take) a range limitation. In the absence of such a limitation, the element can neither be "in-range" nor "out-of-range."

Syntax

:out-of-range

Example

HTML

<form action="" id="form1">
  <ul>Values between 1 and 10 are valid.
    <li>
      <input id="value1" name="value1" type="number" placeholder="1 to 10" min="1" max="10" value="12">
      <label for="value1">Your value is </label>
    </li>
  </ul>
</form>

CSS

li {
  list-style: none;
  margin-bottom: 1em;
}

input {
  border: 1px solid black;
}

input:in-range {
  background-color: rgba(0, 255, 0, 0.25);
}

input:out-of-range {
  background-color: rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.25);
  border: 2px solid red;
}

input:in-range + label::after {
  content: 'okay.';
}

input:out-of-range + label::after {
  content: 'out of range!';
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of ':out-of-range' in that specification.
Living Standard Defines when :out-of-range matches elements in HTML.
Selectors Level 4
The definition of ':out-of-range' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 10Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 29IE No support NoOpera Full support 11Safari Full support YesWebView Android Full support 2.3Chrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 16Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown

See also

Etiquetas do documento e colaboradores

Colaboradores desta página: fscholz, mfluehr, chrisdavidmills, erikadoyle, Sebastianz, cvrebert, FredB
Última atualização por: fscholz,