yield*

The yield* expression is used to delegate to another generator or iterable object.

Syntax

 yield* expression;
expression
The expression which returns an iterable object.

Description

The yield* expression iterates over the operand and yields each value returned by it.

The value of yield* expression itself is the value returned by that iterator when it's closed (i.e., when done is true).

Examples

Delegating to another generator

In following code, values yielded by g1() are returned from next() calls just like those which are yielded by g2().

function* g1() {
  yield 2;
  yield 3;
  yield 4;
}

function* g2() {
  yield 1;
  yield* g1();
  yield 5;
}

const iterator = g2();

console.log(iterator.next()); // {value: 1, done: false}
console.log(iterator.next()); // {value: 2, done: false}
console.log(iterator.next()); // {value: 3, done: false}
console.log(iterator.next()); // {value: 4, done: false}
console.log(iterator.next()); // {value: 5, done: false}
console.log(iterator.next()); // {value: undefined, done: true}

Other Iterable objects

Besides generator objects, yield* can also yield other kinds of iterables (e.g., arrays, strings, or arguments objects).

function* g3() {
  yield* [1, 2];
  yield* '34';
  yield* Array.from(arguments);
}

const iterator = g3(5, 6);

console.log(iterator.next()); // {value: 1, done: false}
console.log(iterator.next()); // {value: 2, done: false}
console.log(iterator.next()); // {value: "3", done: false}
console.log(iterator.next()); // {value: "4", done: false}
console.log(iterator.next()); // {value: 5, done: false}
console.log(iterator.next()); // {value: 6, done: false}
console.log(iterator.next()); // {value: undefined, done: true}

The value of yield* expression itself

yield* is an expression, not a statement—so it evaluates to a value.

function* g4() {
  yield* [1, 2, 3];
  return 'foo';
}

function* g5() {
  const g4ReturnValue = yield* g4();
  console.log(g4ReturnValue) // 'foo'
  return g4ReturnValue;
}

const iterator = g5();

console.log(iterator.next()); // {value: 1, done: false}
console.log(iterator.next()); // {value: 2, done: false}
console.log(iterator.next()); // {value: 3, done: false} done is false because g5 generator isn't finished, only g4
console.log(iterator.next()); // {value: 'foo', done: true}

Specifications

Specification
ECMAScript (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Yield' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
yield*Chrome Full support 39Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 27
Notes
Full support 27
Notes
Notes Starting with Firefox 33, the parsing of the yield expression has been updated to conform with the ES2015 specification.
IE No support NoOpera Full support 26Safari Full support 10WebView Android Full support 39Chrome Android Full support 39Firefox Android Full support 27
Notes
Full support 27
Notes
Notes Starting with Firefox 33, the parsing of the yield expression has been updated to conform with the ES2015 specification.
Opera Android Full support 26Safari iOS Full support 10Samsung Internet Android Full support 4.0nodejs Full support 4.0.0
Full support 4.0.0
Full support 0.12
Disabled
Disabled From version 0.12: this feature is behind the --harmony runtime flag.

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

See also