class expression

The class keyword can be used to define a class inside an expression. Similar to function expressions, class expressions can be named or unnamed. If named, the name of the class is local to the class body only.

Try it


const MyClass = class [className] [extends otherClassName] {
  // class body


A class expression has a similar syntax to a class declaration (statement). As with class statements, the body of a class expression is executed in strict mode.

There are several differences between class expressions and class statements, however:

  • Class expressions may omit the class name ("binding identifier"), which is not possible with class statements.
  • Class expressions allow you to redefine (re-declare) classes without throwing a SyntaxError. This is not the case with class statements.

The constructor method is optional. Classes generated with class expressions will always respond to typeof with the value "function".

'use strict';
let Foo = class {};  // constructor property is optional
Foo = class {};      // Re-declaration is allowed

typeof Foo;             // returns "function"
typeof class {};        // returns "function"

Foo instanceof Object;   // true
Foo instanceof Function; // true
class Foo {}            // Throws SyntaxError (class declarations do not allow re-declaration)


A simple class expression

This is just a simple anonymous class expression which you can refer to using the variable Foo.

const Foo = class {
  constructor() {}
  bar() {
    return 'Hello World!';

const instance = new Foo();;  // "Hello World!";        // "Foo"

Named class expressions

If you want to refer to the current class inside the class body, you can create a named class expression. The name is only visible within the scope of the class expression itself.

const Foo = class NamedFoo {
  constructor() {}
  whoIsThere() {
const bar = new Foo();
bar.whoIsThere();  // "NamedFoo";     // ReferenceError: NamedFoo is not defined;          // "NamedFoo"


ECMAScript Language Specification
# sec-class-definitions

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See also