The continue statement terminates execution of the statements in the current iteration of the current or labeled loop, and continues execution of the loop with the next iteration.

Try it


continue label;
label Optional

Identifier associated with the label of the statement.


In contrast to the break statement, continue does not terminate the execution of the loop entirely, but instead:

The continue statement can include an optional label that allows the program to jump to the next iteration of a labeled loop statement instead of the innermost loop. In this case, the continue statement needs to be nested within this labeled statement.

A continue statement, with or without a following label, cannot be used at the top level of a script, module, function's body, or static initialization block, even when the function or class is further contained within a loop.


Using continue with while

The following example shows a while loop that has a continue statement that executes when the value of i is 3. Thus, n takes on the values 1, 3, 7, and 12.

let i = 0;
let n = 0;

while (i < 5) {

  if (i === 3) {

  n += i;

Using continue with a label

In the following example, a statement labeled checkIAndJ contains a statement labeled checkJ. If continue is encountered, the program continues at the top of the checkJ statement. Each time continue is encountered, checkJ reiterates until its condition returns false. When false is returned, the remainder of the checkIAndJ statement is completed.

If continue had a label of checkIAndJ, the program would continue at the top of the checkIAndJ statement.

let i = 0;
let j = 8;

checkIAndJ: while (i < 4) {
  console.log(`i: ${i}`);
  i += 1;

  checkJ: while (j > 4) {
    console.log(`j: ${j}`);
    j -= 1;

    if (j % 2 === 0) continue checkJ;
    console.log(`${j} is odd.`);
  console.log(`i = ${i}`);
  console.log(`j = ${j}`);


i: 0

// start checkj
j: 8
7 is odd.
j: 7
j: 6
5 is odd.
j: 5
// end checkj

i = 1
j = 4

i: 1
i = 2
j = 4

i: 2
i = 3
j = 4

i: 3
i = 4
j = 4

Unsyntactic continue statements

continue cannot be used within loops across function boundaries.

for (let i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
  (() => {
    continue; // SyntaxError: Illegal continue statement: no surrounding iteration statement

When referencing a label, the labeled statement must contain the continue statement.

label: for (let i = 0; i < 10; i++) {

for (let i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
  continue label; // SyntaxError: Undefined label 'label'

The labeled statement must be a loop.

label: {
  for (let i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
    continue label; // SyntaxError: Illegal continue statement: 'label' does not denote an iteration statement


ECMAScript Language Specification
# sec-continue-statement

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also