The Generator object is returned by a generator function and it conforms to both the iterable protocol and the iterator protocol.

Syntax

function* gen() { 
  yield 1;
  yield 2;
  yield 3;
}

var g = gen(); // "Generator { }"

Methods

Generator.prototype.next()
Returns a value yielded by the yield expression.
Generator.prototype.return()
Returns the given value and finishes the generator.
Generator.prototype.throw()
Throws an error to a generator.

Example

An infinite iterator

function* idMaker(){
    var index = 0;
    while(true)
        yield index++;
}

var gen = idMaker(); // "Generator { }"

console.log(gen.next().value); // 0
console.log(gen.next().value); // 1
console.log(gen.next().value); // 2
// ...

Legacy generator objects

Firefox (SpiderMonkey) also implements an earlier version of generators in JavaScript 1.7, where the star (*) in the function declaration was not necessary (you just use the yield keyword in the function body). However, legacy generators are deprecated. Do not use them; they are going to be removed (bug 1083482).

Legacy generator methods

Generator.prototype.next()
Returns a value yielded by the yield expression. This corresponds to next() in the ES6 generator object.
Generator.prototype.close()
Closes the generator, so that when calling next() an StopIteration error will be thrown. This corresponds to the return() method in the ES6 generator object.
Generator.prototype.send()
Used to send a value to a generator. The value is returned from the yield expression, and returns a value yielded by the next yield expression. send(x) corresponds to next(x) in the ES6 generator object.
Generator.prototype.throw()
Throws an error to a generator. This corresponds to the throw() method in the ES6 generator object.

Legacy generator example

function* fibonacci() {
  var a = yield 1;
  yield a * 2;
}

var it = fibonacci();
console.log(it);          // "Generator {  }"
console.log(it.next());   // 1
console.log(it.send(10)); // 20
console.log(it.close());  // undefined
console.log(it.next());   // throws StopIteration (as the generator is now closed)

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Generator objects' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript 2017 Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Generator objects' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 39.0 (Yes) No support No support No support
Feature Android Android Webview Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support No support 39.0 (Yes) No support No support No support 39.0

See also

Legacy generators

ES6 generators

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: panhezeng,