The throw() method resumes the execution of a generator by throwing an error into it and returns an object with two properties done and value.

Syntax

gen.throw(exception)

Parameters

exception
The exception to throw. For debugging purposes, it is useful to make it an instanceof Error.

Return value

An Object with two properties:

  • done (boolean)
    • Has the value true if the iterator is past the end of the iterated sequence. In this case value optionally specifies the return value of the iterator.
    • Has the value false if the iterator was able to produce the next value in the sequence. This is equivalent of not specifying the done property altogether.
  • value - any JavaScript value returned by the iterator. Can be omitted when done is true.

Examples

Using throw()

The following example shows a simple generator and an error that is thrown using the throw method. An error can be caught by a try...catch block as usual.

function* gen() {
  while(true) {
    try {
       yield 42;
    } catch(e) {
      console.log('Error caught!');
    }
  }
}

var g = gen();
g.next();
// { value: 42, done: false }
g.throw(new Error('Something went wrong'));
// "Error caught!"
// { value: 42, done: false }

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Generator.prototype.throw' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Generator.prototype.throw' in that specification.
Living Standard  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support391326 No Yes10
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidIE mobileOpera AndroidiOS Safari
Basic support Yes Yes1326 No Yes10

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: fscholz, jameshkramer, nmve, kdex, David_Gilbertson, stasm
 Last updated by: fscholz,