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The for...of statement creates a loop iterating over iterable objects (including Array, Map, Set, String, TypedArray, arguments object and so on), invoking a custom iteration hook with statements to be executed for the value of each distinct property.

Syntax

for (variable of iterable) {
  statement
}
variable
On each iteration a value of a different property is assigned to variable.
iterable
Object whose enumerable properties are iterated.

Examples

Iterating over an Array

let iterable = [10, 20, 30];

for (let value of iterable) {
  value += 1;
  console.log(value);
}
// 11
// 21
// 31

You can use const instead of let too, if you don't reassign the variable inside the block.

let iterable = [10, 20, 30];

for (const value of iterable) {
  console.log(value);
}
// 10
// 20
// 30

Iterating over a String

let iterable = 'boo';

for (let value of iterable) {
  console.log(value);
}
// "b"
// "o"
// "o"

Iterating over a TypedArray

let iterable = new Uint8Array([0x00, 0xff]);

for (let value of iterable) {
  console.log(value);
}
// 0
// 255

Iterating over a Map

let iterable = new Map([['a', 1], ['b', 2], ['c', 3]]);

for (let entry of iterable) {
  console.log(entry);
}
// ['a', 1]
// ['b', 2]
// ['c', 3]

for (let [key, value] of iterable) {
  console.log(value);
}
// 1
// 2
// 3

Iterating over a Set

let iterable = new Set([1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3]);

for (let value of iterable) {
  console.log(value);
}
// 1
// 2
// 3

Iterating over arguments object

(function() {
  for (let argument of arguments) {
    console.log(argument);
  }
})(1, 2, 3);

// 1
// 2
// 3

Iterating over a DOM collection

Iterating over DOM collections like NodeList: the following example adds a read class to paragraphs that are direct descendants of an article:

// Note: This will only work in platforms that have
// implemented NodeList.prototype[Symbol.iterator]
let articleParagraphs = document.querySelectorAll('article > p');

for (let paragraph of articleParagraphs) {
  paragraph.classList.add('read');
}

Closing iterators

In for...of loops, abrupt iteration termination can be caused by break, continue, throw or return. In these cases, the iterator is closed.

function* foo(){ 
  yield 1; 
  yield 2; 
  yield 3; 
}; 

for (let o of foo()) { 
  console.log(o); 
  break; // closes iterator, triggers return
}

Iterating over generators

You can also iterate over generators:

function* fibonacci() { // a generator function
  let [prev, curr] = [1, 1];
  while (true) {
    [prev, curr] = [curr, prev + curr];
    yield curr;
  }
}

for (let n of fibonacci()) {
  console.log(n);
  // truncate the sequence at 1000
  if (n >= 1000) {
    break;
  }
}

Do not reuse generators

Generators should not be re-used, even if the for...of loop is terminated early, for example via the break keyword. Upon exiting a loop, the generator is closed and trying to iterate over it again does not yield any further results.

var gen = (function *(){
  yield 1;
  yield 2;
  yield 3;
})();
for (let o of gen) {
  console.log(o);
  break;  // Closes iterator
}

// The generator should not be re-used, the following does not make sense!
for (let o of gen) {
  console.log(o); // Never called.
}

Iterating over other iterable objects

You can also iterate over an object that explicitly implements iterable protocol:

var iterable = {
  [Symbol.iterator]() {
    return {
      i: 0,
      next() {
        if (this.i < 3) {
          return { value: this.i++, done: false };
        }
        return { value: undefined, done: true };
      }
    };
  }
};

for (var value of iterable) {
  console.log(value);
}
// 0
// 1
// 2

Difference between for...of and for...in

The for...in loop will iterate over all enumerable properties of an object.

The for...of syntax is specific to collections, rather than all objects. It will iterate in this manner over the elements of any collection that has a [Symbol.iterator] property.

The following example shows the difference between a for...of loop and a for...in loop.

Object.prototype.objCustom = function() {}; 
Array.prototype.arrCustom = function() {};

let iterable = [3, 5, 7];
iterable.foo = 'hello';

for (let i in iterable) {
  console.log(i); // logs 0, 1, 2, "foo", "arrCustom", "objCustom"
}

for (let i of iterable) {
  console.log(i); // logs 3, 5, 7
}

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'for...of statement' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'for...of statement' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Edge Opera Safari
Basic support 38 [1]
51 [3]
13 (13) [2] 12 25 7.1
Closing iterators (Yes) 53 (53) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
Feature Android Chrome for Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 5.1 38 [1] (Yes) 13.0 (13) [2] No support ? 8
Closing iterators (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) 53.0 (53) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)

[1] From Chrome 29 to Chrome 37 this feature was available behind a preference. In chrome://flags/#enable-javascript-harmony, activate the entry “Enable Experimental JavaScript”.

[2] Prior Firefox 51, using the for...of loop construct with the const keyword threw a SyntaxError ("missing = in const declaration"). This has been fixed (bug 1101653).

[3] Support for iteration of objects was added in Chrome 51.

See also