font-variant

font-variant 属性是font-variant-caps, font-variant-numeric, font-variant-alternates, font-variant-ligatures, font-variant-east-asian等属性的简写。你也可以使用简写 font 设定font-variant在CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)中的值(即normal 或 small-caps)。

语法

font-variant: small-caps;
font-variant: common-ligatures small-caps;

/* Global values */
font-variant: inherit;
font-variant: initial;
font-variant: unset;

normal
规定一个常规(normal)字型;每个非简写的属性的初始值都是normal。属于 font-variant 的非简写属性有:font-variant-caps, font-variant-numeric, font-variant-alternates, font-variant-ligaturesfont-variant-east-asian
none
font-variant-ligatures设定为 none ,将其他非简写属性的值设定为初始值normal
<common-lig-values>, <discretionary-lig-values>, <historical-lig-values>, <contextual-alt-values>
规定与font-variant-ligatures属性相关的关键字,可能的值包括: common-ligatures, no-common-ligatures, discretionary-ligatures, no-discretionary-ligatures, historical-ligatures, no-historical-ligatures, contextual 和 no-contextual
stylistic()historical-forms, styleset(), character-variant(), swash(), ornaments(), annotation()
规定与font-variant-alternates属性相关的关键字和函数。
small-caps, all-small-caps, petite-caps, all-petite-caps, unicase, titling-caps
规定与font-variant-caps 属性相关的关键字和函数。
<numeric-figure-values>, <numeric-spacing-values>, <numeric-fraction-values>, ordinal, slashed-zero
规定与font-variant-alternates属性相关的关键字,可能的值包括:lining-nums, oldstyle-nums, proportional-nums, tabular-nums, diagonal-fractions, stacked-fractions, ordinal 和 slashed-zero
<east-asian-variant-values>, <east-asian-width-values>, ruby
规定与font-variant-east-asian属性相关的关键字,可能的值包括:jis78, jis83, jis90, jis04, simplified, traditional, full-width, proportional-width, ruby

正式语法

normal | none | [ <common-lig-values> || <discretionary-lig-values> || <historical-lig-values> || <contextual-alt-values> || stylistic( <feature-value-name> ) || historical-forms || styleset( <feature-value-name># ) || character-variant( <feature-value-name># ) || swash( <feature-value-name> ) || ornaments( <feature-value-name> ) || annotation( <feature-value-name> ) || [ small-caps | all-small-caps | petite-caps | all-petite-caps | unicase | titling-caps ] || <numeric-figure-values> || <numeric-spacing-values> || <numeric-fraction-values> || ordinal || slashed-zero || <east-asian-variant-values> || <east-asian-width-values> || ruby ]

where
<common-lig-values> = [ common-ligatures | no-common-ligatures ]
<discretionary-lig-values> = [ discretionary-ligatures | no-discretionary-ligatures ]
<historical-lig-values> = [ historical-ligatures | no-historical-ligatures ]
<contextual-alt-values> = [ contextual | no-contextual ]
<feature-value-name> = <custom-ident>
<numeric-figure-values> = [ lining-nums | oldstyle-nums ]
<numeric-spacing-values> = [ proportional-nums | tabular-nums ]
<numeric-fraction-values> = [ diagonal-fractions | stacked-fractions ]
<east-asian-variant-values> = [ jis78 | jis83 | jis90 | jis04 | simplified | traditional ]
<east-asian-width-values> = [ full-width | proportional-width ]

示例

HTML

<p class="normal">Firefox rocks!</p>
<p class="small">Firefox rocks!</p>

CSS

p.normal {
  font-variant: normal;
}
p.small {
  font-variant: small-caps;
}

结果

规范

初始值normal
适用元素all elements. It also applies to ::first-letter and ::first-line.
是否是继承属性yes
计算值as specified
Animation typediscrete
Specification Status Comment
CSS Fonts Module Level 3
font-variant
Candidate Recommendation Made it a shorthand of the new font-variant-* properties.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
font-variant
Recommendation No change
CSS Level 1
font-variant
Recommendation Initial definition

浏览器兼容性

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
font-variantChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 4Opera Full support 3.5Safari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 11Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0
CSS Fonts Module Level 3 shorthandChrome Full support 52Edge Full support 79Firefox Full support 34
Full support 34
No support 33 — 34
Disabled
Disabled From version 33 until version 34 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.font-features.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera Full support 39Safari Full support 9.1WebView Android Full support 52Chrome Android Full support 52Firefox Android Full support 34
Full support 34
No support 33 — 34
Disabled
Disabled From version 33 until version 34 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.font-features.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 41Safari iOS Full support 9.3Samsung Internet Android Full support 6.0
Greek accented charactersChrome No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may correctly omit accents in all-uppercase Greek text.
Edge No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may correctly omit accents in all-uppercase Greek text.
Firefox No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may correctly omit accents in all-uppercase Greek text.
IE No support NoOpera No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may correctly omit accents in all-uppercase Greek text.
Safari No support NoWebView Android No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may correctly omit accents in all-uppercase Greek.
Chrome Android No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may correctly omit accents in all-uppercase Greek text.
Firefox Android No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may correctly omit accents in all-uppercase Greek text.
Opera Android No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may correctly omit accents in all-uppercase Greek text.
Safari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may correctly omit accents in all-uppercase Greek.
iİ and ıIChrome Full support 31Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 14IE Full support 4Opera Full support 18Safari Full support 8WebView Android Full support ≤37Chrome Android Full support 31Firefox Android Full support 14Opera Android Full support 18Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support 2.0
ßSSChrome No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may capitalize ß as SS.
Edge No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may capitalize ß as SS.
Firefox No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may capitalize ß as SS.
IE No support NoOpera No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may capitalize ß as SS.
Safari No support NoWebView Android No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may capitalize ß as SS.
Chrome Android No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may capitalize ß as SS.
Firefox Android No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may capitalize ß as SS.
Opera Android No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may capitalize ß as SS.
Safari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Some operating systems may capitalize ß as SS.

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

参见