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The default keyword can be used in two situations in JavaScript: within a switch statement, or with an export statement.

Syntax

Within a switch statement:

switch (expression) {
  case value1:
    //Statements executed when the result of expression matches value1
    [break;]
  default:
    //Statements executed when none of the values match the value of the expression
    [break;]
}

With export statement:

export default nameN 

Description

For more details see the

Examples

Using default in switch statements

In the following example, if expr evaluates to "Bananas" or "Apples", the program matches the values with either the case "Bananas" or "Apples" and executes the corresponding statement. The default keyword will help in any other case and executes the associated statement.

switch (expr) {
  case 'Oranges':
    console.log('Oranges are $0.59 a pound.');
    break;
  case 'Apples':
    console.log('Apples are $0.32 a pound.');
    break;
  default:
    console.log('Sorry, we are out of ' + expr + '.');
}

Using default with export

If you want to export a single value or need a fallback value for a module, a default export can be used:

// module "my-module.js"
let cube = function cube(x) {
  return x * x * x;
};
export default cube;

Then, in another script, it will be straightforward to import the default export:

// module "my-module.js"
import myFunction from 'my-module';
console.log(myFunction(3)); // 27

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'switch statement' in that specification.
Standard  
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Exports' in that specification.
Standard  
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'switch statement' in that specification.
Draft  
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Exports' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Switch default (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
Export default No support ? No support No support No support No support
Feature Android Chrome for Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Switch default (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
Export default No support No support ? No support No support No support No support

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: jameshkramer, nmve, jsx, Pavan, fscholz, webery
 Last updated by: jameshkramer,