Document

The Document interface represents any web page loaded in the browser and serves as an entry point into the web page's content, which is the DOM tree. The DOM tree includes elements such as <body> and <table>, among many others. It provides functionality globally to the document, like how to obtain the page's URL and create new elements in the document.

The Document interface describes the common properties and methods for any kind of document. Depending on the document's type (e.g. HTML, XML, SVG, …), a larger API is available: HTML documents, served with the "text/html" content type, also implement the HTMLDocument interface, whereas XML and SVG documents implement the XMLDocument interface.

Constructor

Document()
Creates a new Document object.

Properties

This interface also inherits from the Node and EventTarget interfaces.

Document.activeElement Read only
Returns the Element that currently has focus.
Document.body
Returns the <body> or <frameset> node of the current document.
Document.characterSetRead only
Returns the character set being used by the document.
Document.childElementCount Read only
Returns the number of child elements of the current document.
Document.children Read only
Returns the child elements of the current document.
Document.compatMode  This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code. Read only
Indicates whether the document is rendered in quirks or strict mode.
Document.contentType  This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code. Read only
Returns the Content-Type from the MIME Header of the current document.
Document.doctypeRead only
Returns the Document Type Definition (DTD) of the current document.
Document.documentElementRead only
Returns the Element that is a direct child of the document. For HTML documents, this is normally the HTMLHtmlElement object representing the document's <html> element.
Document.documentURIRead only
Returns the document location as a string.
Document.embedsRead only
Returns a list of the embedded <embed> elements within the current document.
Document.firstElementChild Read only
Returns the first child element of the current document.
Document.fonts
Returns the FontFaceSet interface of the current document.
Document.formsRead only
Returns a list of the <form> elements within the current document.
Document.fullscreenElement Read only
The element that's currently in full screen mode for this document.
Document.headRead only
Returns the <head> element of the current document.
Document.hiddenRead only
Returns a Boolean value indicating if the page is considered hidden or not.
Document.imagesRead only
Returns a list of the images in the current document.
Document.implementationRead only
Returns the DOM implementation associated with the current document.
Document.lastElementChild Read only
Returns the last child element of the current document.
Document.linksRead only
Returns a list of all the hyperlinks in the document.
Document.mozSyntheticDocument  This API has not been standardized.
Returns a Boolean that is true only if this document is synthetic, such as a standalone image, video, audio file, or the like.
Document.pictureInPictureElement Read only
Returns the Element currently being presented in picture-in-picture mode in this document.
Document.pictureInPictureEnabled Read only
Returns true if the picture-in-picture feature is enabled.
Document.pluginsRead only
Returns a list of the available plugins.
Document.pointerLockElement Read only
Returns the element set as the target for mouse events while the pointer is locked. null if lock is pending, pointer is unlocked, or if the target is in another document.
Document.featurePolicy  This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code. Read only
Returns the FeaturePolicy interface which provides a simple API for introspecting the feature policies applied to a specific document.
Document.scriptsRead only
Returns all the <script> elements on the document.
Document.scrollingElementRead only
Returns a reference to the Element that scrolls the document.
Document.styleSheets Read only
Returns a StyleSheetList of CSSStyleSheet objects for stylesheets explicitly linked into, or embedded in a document.
Document.timeline  This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code. Read only
Returns timeline as a special instance of DocumentTimeline that is automatically created on page load.
Document.visibilityStateRead only
Returns a string denoting the visibility state of the document. Possible values are visible, hidden, prerender, and unloaded.

Extensions for HTMLDocument

The Document interface for HTML documents inherits from the HTMLDocument interface or, since HTML5, is extended for such documents.

Document.cookie
Returns a semicolon-separated list of the cookies for that document or sets a single cookie.
Document.defaultViewRead only
Returns a reference to the window object.
Document.designMode
Gets/sets the ability to edit the whole document.
Document.dir
Gets/sets directionality (rtl/ltr) of the document.
Document.domain  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Gets/sets the domain of the current document.
Document.lastModifiedRead only
Returns the date on which the document was last modified.
Document.locationRead only
Returns the URI of the current document.
Document.readyStateRead only
Returns loading status of the document.
Document.referrerRead only
Returns the URI of the page that linked to this page.
Document.title
Sets or gets the title of the current document.
Document.URLRead only
Returns the document location as a string.

Event handlers

Document.onafterscriptexecute  This API has not been standardized.
Represents the event handling code for the afterscriptexecute event.
Document.onbeforescriptexecute  This API has not been standardized.
Represents the event handling code for the beforescriptexecute event.
Document.oncopy  This API has not been standardized.
Represents the event handling code for the copy event.
Document.oncut  This API has not been standardized.
Represents the event handling code for the cut event.
Document.onfullscreenchange
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the fullscreenchange event is raised.
Document.onfullscreenerror
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the fullscreenerror event is raised.
Document.onpaste  This API has not been standardized.
Represents the event handling code for the paste event.
Document.onreadystatechange
Represents the event handling code for the readystatechange event.
GlobalEventHandlers.onselectionchange  This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code.
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the selectionchange event is raised.
Document.onvisibilitychange
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the visibilitychange event is raised.

The Document interface is extended with the GlobalEventHandlers interface:

GlobalEventHandlers.onabort
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the abort event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onanimationcancel This API has not been standardized.
An EventHandler called when an animationcancel event is sent, indicating that a running CSS animation has been canceled.
GlobalEventHandlers.onanimationend This API has not been standardized.
An EventHandler called when an animationend event is sent, indicating that a CSS animation has stopped playing.
GlobalEventHandlers.onanimationiteration This API has not been standardized.
An EventHandler called when an animationiteration event has been sent, indicating that a CSS animation has begun playing a new iteration of the animation sequence.
GlobalEventHandlers.onanimationstart This API has not been standardized.
An EventHandler called when an animationstart event is sent, indicating that a CSS animation has started playing.
GlobalEventHandlers.onauxclick This API has not been standardized.
An EventHandler called when an auxclick event is sent, indicating that a non-primary button has been pressed on an input device (e.g. a middle mouse button).
GlobalEventHandlers.onblur
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the blur event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onerror
Is an OnErrorEventHandler representing the code to be called when the error event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onfocus
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the focus event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.oncancel
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the cancel event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.oncanplay
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the canplay event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.oncanplaythrough
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the canplaythrough event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onchange
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the change event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onclick
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the click event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onclose
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the close event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.oncontextmenu
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the contextmenu event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.oncuechange
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the cuechange event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.ondblclick
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the dblclick event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.ondrag
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the drag event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.ondragend
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the dragend event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.ondragenter
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the dragenter event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.ondragexit This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the dragexit event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.ondragleave
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the dragleave event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.ondragover
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the dragover event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.ondragstart
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the dragstart event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.ondrop
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the drop event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.ondurationchange
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the durationchange event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onemptied
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the emptied event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onended
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the ended event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onformdata
Is an EventHandler for processing formdata events, fired after the entry list representing the form's data is constructed.
GlobalEventHandlers.ongotpointercapture
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the gotpointercapture event type is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.oninput
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the input event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.oninvalid
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the invalid event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onkeydown
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the keydown event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onkeypress
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the keypress event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onkeyup
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the keyup event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onload
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the load event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onloadeddata
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the loadeddata event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onloadedmetadata
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the loadedmetadata event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onloadend
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the loadend event is raised (when progress has stopped on the loading of a resource.)
GlobalEventHandlers.onloadstart
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the loadstart event is raised (when progress has begun on the loading of a resource.)
GlobalEventHandlers.onlostpointercapture
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the lostpointercapture event type is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onmousedown
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the mousedown event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onmouseenter
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the mouseenter event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onmouseleave
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the mouseleave event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onmousemove
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the mousemove event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onmouseout
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the mouseout event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onmouseover
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the mouseover event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onmouseup
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the mouseup event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onmousewheel This API has not been standardized. This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the mousewheel event is raised. Deprecated. Use onwheel instead.
GlobalEventHandlers.onwheel
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the wheel event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onpause
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the pause event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onplay
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the play event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onplaying
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the playing event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onpointerdown
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the pointerdown event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onpointermove
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the pointermove event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onpointerup
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the pointerup event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onpointercancel
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the pointercancel event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onpointerover
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the pointerover event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onpointerout
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the pointerout event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onpointerenter
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the pointerenter event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onpointerleave
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the pointerleave event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onpointerlockchange This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code.
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the pointerlockchange event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onpointerlockerror This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code.
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the pointerlockerror event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onprogress
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the progress event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onratechange
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the ratechange event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onreset
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the reset event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onresize
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the resize event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onscroll
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the scroll event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onseeked
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the seeked event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onseeking
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the seeking event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onselect
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the select event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onselectstart
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the selectionchange event is raised, i.e. when the user starts to make a new text selection on a web page.
GlobalEventHandlers.onselectionchange
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the selectionchange event is raised, i.e. when the text selected on a web page changes.
GlobalEventHandlers.onshow This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the show event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onsort This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code.
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the sort event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onstalled
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the stalled event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onsubmit
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the submit event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onsuspend
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the suspend event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.ontimeupdate
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the timeupdate event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.onvolumechange
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the volumechange event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.ontouchcancel This API has not been standardized. This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code.
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the touchcancel event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.ontouchend This API has not been standardized. This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code.
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the touchend event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.ontouchmove This API has not been standardized. This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code.
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the touchmove event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.ontouchstart This API has not been standardized. This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code.
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the touchstart event is raised.
GlobalEventHandlers.ontransitioncancel
An EventHandler called when a transitioncancel event is sent, indicating that a CSS transition has been cancelled.
GlobalEventHandlers.ontransitionend
An EventHandler called when a transitionend event is sent, indicating that a CSS transition has finished playing.
GlobalEventHandlers.ontransitionrun
An EventHandler called when a transitionrun event is sent, indicating that a CSS transition is running, though not nessarilty started.
GlobalEventHandlers.ontransitionstart
An EventHandler called when a transitionstart event is sent, indicating that a CSS transition has started transitioning.
GlobalEventHandlers.onwaiting
Is an EventHandler representing the code to be called when the waiting event is raised.

Deprecated properties

Document.alinkColor  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Returns or sets the color of active links in the document body.
Document.all  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.   This API has not been standardized.
Provides access to all elements in the document — it returns an HTMLAllCollection rooted at the document node. This is a legacy, non-standard property and should not be used.
Document.anchors  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work. Read only
Returns a list of all of the anchors in the document.
Document.applets  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work. Read only
Returns an ordered list of the applets within a document.
Document.bgColor  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Gets/sets the background color of the current document.
Document.charset  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work. Read only
Alias of Document.characterSet. Use this property instead.
Document.domConfig  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Should return a DOMConfiguration object.
Document.fgColor  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Gets/sets the foreground color, or text color, of the current document.
Document.fullscreen  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
true when the document is in full-screen mode.
Document.height  This API has not been standardized.   This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Gets/sets the height of the current document.
Document.inputEncoding  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work. Read only
Alias of Document.characterSet. Use this property instead.
Document.lastStyleSheetSet  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work. Read only
Returns the name of the style sheet set that was last enabled. Has the value null until the style sheet is changed by setting the value of selectedStyleSheetSet.
Document.linkColor  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Gets/sets the color of hyperlinks in the document.
Document.preferredStyleSheetSet  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work. Read only
Returns the preferred style sheet set as specified by the page author.
Document.rootElement  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Like Document.documentElement, but only for <svg> root elements. Use this property instead.
Document.selectedStyleSheetSet  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Returns which style sheet set is currently in use.
Document.styleSheetSets  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work. Read only
Returns a list of the style sheet sets available on the document.
Document.vlinkColor  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Gets/sets the color of visited hyperlinks.
Document.width  This API has not been standardized.   This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Returns the width of the current document.
Document.xmlEncoding  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Returns the encoding as determined by the XML declaration.
Document.xmlStandalone  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Returns true if the XML declaration specifies the document to be standalone (e.g., An external part of the DTD affects the document's content), else false.
Document.xmlVersion  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Returns the version number as specified in the XML declaration or "1.0" if the declaration is absent.

Methods

This interface also inherits from the Node and EventTarget interfaces.

Document.adoptNode()
Adopt node from an external document.
Document.append()
Inserts a set of Node objects or DOMString objects after the last child of the document.
Document.captureEvents()  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
See Window.captureEvents.
Document.caretPositionFromPoint()
Returns a CaretPosition object containing the DOM node containing the caret, and caret's character offset within that node.
Document.caretRangeFromPoint()  This API has not been standardized.
Gets a Range object for the document fragment under the specified coordinates.
Document.createAttribute()
Creates a new Attr object and returns it.
Document.createAttributeNS()
Creates a new attribute node in a given namespace and returns it.
Document.createCDATASection()
Creates a new CDATA node and returns it.
Document.createComment()
Creates a new comment node and returns it.
Document.createDocumentFragment()
Creates a new document fragment.
Document.createElement()
Creates a new element with the given tag name.
Document.createElementNS()
Creates a new element with the given tag name and namespace URI.
Document.createEntityReference()  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Creates a new entity reference object and returns it.
Document.createEvent()
Creates an event object.
Document.createNodeIterator()
Creates a NodeIterator object.
Document.createProcessingInstruction()
Creates a new ProcessingInstruction object.
Document.createRange()
Creates a Range object.
Document.createTextNode()
Creates a text node.
Document.createTouch()  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Creates a Touch object.
Document.createTouchList()  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Creates a TouchList object.
Document.createTreeWalker()
Creates a TreeWalker object.
Document.elementFromPoint()
Returns the topmost element at the specified coordinates.
Document.elementsFromPoint()
Returns an array of all elements at the specified coordinates.
Document.enableStyleSheetsForSet()  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Enables the style sheets for the specified style sheet set.
Document.exitPictureInPicture()
Remove the video from the floating picture-in-picture window back to its original container.
Document.exitPointerLock()  This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code.
Release the pointer lock.
Document.getAnimations()
Returns an array of all Animation objects currently in effect, whose target elements are descendants of the document.
Document.getElementsByClassName()
Returns a list of elements with the given class name.
Document.getElementsByTagName()
Returns a list of elements with the given tag name.
Document.getElementsByTagNameNS()
Returns a list of elements with the given tag name and namespace.
Document.getSelection()
Returns a Selection object representing the range of text selected by the user, or the current position of the caret.
Document.hasStorageAccess()  This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code.
Returns a Promise that resolves with a boolean value indicating whether the document has access to its first-party storage.
Document.importNode()
Returns a clone of a node from an external document.
Document.normalizeDocument()  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Replaces entities, normalizes text nodes, etc.
Document.prepend()
Inserts a set of Node objects or DOMString objects before the first child of the document.
Document.releaseCapture()  This API has not been standardized.
Releases the current mouse capture if it's on an element in this document.
Document.releaseEvents()  This API has not been standardized.   This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
See Window.releaseEvents().
Document.replaceChildren()
Replaces the existing children of a document with a specified new set of children.
Document.requestStorageAccess()
Returns a Promise that resolves if the access to first-party storage was granted, and rejects if access was denied.
Document.routeEvent()  This API has not been standardized.   This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
See Window.routeEvent().
Document.mozSetImageElement()  This API has not been standardized.
Allows you to change the element being used as the background image for a specified element ID.

The Document interface is extended with the ParentNode interface:

document.getElementById(String id)
Returns an object reference to the identified element.
Document.querySelector()
Returns the first Element node within the document, in document order, that matches the specified selectors.
Document.querySelectorAll()
Returns a list of all the Element nodes within the document that match the specified selectors.

The Document interface is extended with the XPathEvaluator interface:

Document.createExpression()
Compiles an XPathExpression which can then be used for (repeated) evaluations.
Document.createNSResolver()
Creates an XPathNSResolver object.
Document.evaluate()
Evaluates an XPath expression.

Extension for HTML documents

The Document interface for HTML documents inherit from the HTMLDocument interface or, since HTML5, is extended for such documents:

Document.clear()  This API has not been standardized.   This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
In majority of modern browsers, including recent versions of Firefox and Internet Explorer, this method does nothing.
Document.close()
Closes a document stream for writing.
Document.execCommand()  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
On an editable document, executes a formatting command.
Document.getElementsByName()
Returns a list of elements with the given name.
Document.hasFocus()
Returns true if the focus is currently located anywhere inside the specified document.
Document.open()
Opens a document stream for writing.
Document.queryCommandEnabled()  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Returns true if the formatting command can be executed on the current range.
Document.queryCommandIndeterm()  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Returns true if the formatting command is in an indeterminate state on the current range.
Document.queryCommandState()  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Returns true if the formatting command has been executed on the current range.
Document.queryCommandSupported()  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Returns true if the formatting command is supported on the current range.
Document.queryCommandValue()  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Returns the current value of the current range for a formatting command.
Document.write()
Writes text in a document.
Document.writeln()
Writes a line of text in a document.

Events

Listen to these events using addEventListener() or by assigning an event listener to the oneventname property of this interface.

scroll
Fired when the document view or an element has been scrolled.
Also available via the onscroll property.
visibilitychange
Fired when the content of a tab has become visible or has been hidden.
Also available via the onvisibilitychange property.
wheel
Fired when the user rotates a wheel button on a pointing device (typically a mouse).
Also available via the onwheel property.

Animation events

animationcancel
Fired when an animation unexpectedly aborts.
Also available via the onanimationcancel property.
animationend
Fired when an animation has completed normally.
Also available via the onanimationend property.
animationiteration
Fired when an animation iteration has completed.
Also available via the onanimationiteration property.
animationstart
Fired when an animation starts.
Also available via the onanimationstart property.

Clipboard events

copy
Fired when the user initiates a copy action through the browser's user interface.
Also available via the oncopy property.
cut
Fired when the user initiates a cut action through the browser's user interface.
Also available via the oncut property.
paste
Fired when the user initiates a paste action through the browser's user interface.
Also available via the onpaste property.

Drag & drop events

drag
Fired every few hundred milliseconds as an element or text selection is being dragged by the user.
Also available via the ondrag property.
dragend
Fired when a drag operation is being ended (by releasing a mouse button or hitting the escape key).
Also available via the ondragend property.
dragenter
Fired when a dragged element or text selection enters a valid drop target.
Also available via the ondragenter property.
dragleave
Fired when a dragged element or text selection leaves a valid drop target.
Also available via the ondragleave property.
dragover
Fired when an element or text selection is being dragged over a valid drop target (every few hundred milliseconds).
Also available via the ondragover property.
dragstart
Fired when the user starts dragging an element or text selection.
Also available via the ondragstart property.
drop
Fired when an element or text selection is dropped on a valid drop target.
Also available via the ondrop property.

Fullscreen events

fullscreenchange
Fired when the Document transitions into or out of full-screen mode.
Also available via the onfullscreenchange property.
fullscreenerror
Fired if an error occurs while attempting to switch into or out of full-screen mode.
Also available via the  onfullscreenerror property.

Keyboard events

keydown
Fired when a key is pressed.
Also available via the onkeydown property.
keypress
Fired when a key that produces a character value is pressed down.  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Also available via the onkeypress property.
keyup
Fired when a key is released.
Also available via the onkeyup property.

Load & unload events

DOMContentLoaded
Fired when the document has been completely loaded and parsed, without waiting for stylesheets, images, and subframes to finish loading.
readystatechange
Fired when the readyState attribute of a document has changed.
Also available via the onreadystatechange property.

Pointer events

gotpointercapture
Fired when an element captures a pointer using setPointerCapture().
Also available via the ongotpointercapture property.
lostpointercapture
Fired when a captured pointer is released.
Also available via the onlostpointercapture property.
pointercancel
Fired when a pointer event is canceled.
Also available via the onpointercancel property.
pointerdown
Fired when a pointer becomes active.
Also available via the onpointerdown property.
pointerenter
Fired when a pointer is moved into the hit test boundaries of an element or one of its descendants.
Also available via the onpointerenter property.
pointerleave
Fired when a pointer is moved out of the hit test boundaries of an element.
Also available via the onpointerleave property.
pointerlockchange
Fired when the pointer is locked/unlocked.
Also available via the onpointerlockchange property.
pointerlockerror
Fired when locking the pointer failed.
Also available via the onpointerlockerror property.
pointermove
Fired when a pointer changes coordinates.
Also available via the onpointermove property.
pointerout
Fired when a pointer is moved out of the hit test boundaries of an element (among other reasons).
Also available via the onpointerout property.
pointerover
Fired when a pointer is moved into an element's hit test boundaries.
Also available via the onpointerover property.
pointerup
Fired when a pointer is no longer active.
Also available via the onpointerup property.

Selection events

selectionchange
Fired when the current text selection on a document is changed.
Also available via the onselectionchange property.
selectstart
Fired when the user begins a new selection.
Also available via the onselectstart property.

Touch events

touchcancel
Fired when one or more touch points have been disrupted in an implementation-specific manner (for example, too many touch points are created).
Also available via the ontouchcancel property.
touchend
Fired when one or more touch points are removed from the touch surface.
Also available via the ontouchend property
touchmove
Fired when one or more touch points are moved along the touch surface.
Also available via the ontouchmove property
touchstart
Fired when one or more touch points are placed on the touch surface.
Also available via the ontouchstart property

Transition events

transitioncancel
Fired when a CSS transition is canceled.
Also available via the ontransitioncancel property.
transitionend
Fired when a CSS transition has completed.
Also available via the ontransitionend property.
transitionrun
Fired when a CSS transition is first created.
Also available via the ontransitionrun property.
transitionstart
Fired when a CSS transition has actually started.
Also available via the ontransitionstart property.

Non-standard extensions  This API has not been standardized.

Non-standard

This feature is non-standard and is not on a standards track. Do not use it on production sites facing the Web: it will not work for every user. There may also be large incompatibilities between implementations and the behavior may change in the future.

Firefox notes

Mozilla defines a set of non-standard properties made only for XUL content:

Document.currentScript  This API has not been standardized.
Returns the <script> element that is currently executing.
Document.documentURIObject
(Mozilla add-ons only!) Returns the nsIURI object representing the URI of the document. This property only has special meaning in privileged JavaScript code (with UniversalXPConnect privileges).
Document.popupNode
Returns the node upon which a popup was invoked.
Document.tooltipNode
Returns the node which is the target of the current tooltip.

Mozilla also define some non-standard methods:

Document.execCommandShowHelp() This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
This method never did anything and always threw an exception, so it was removed in Gecko 14.0 (Firefox 14.0 / Thunderbird 14.0 / SeaMonkey 2.11).
Document.getBoxObjectFor()  This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Use the Element.getBoundingClientRect() method instead.
Document.loadOverlay() This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Loads a XUL overlay dynamically. This only works in XUL documents.
Document.queryCommandText() This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
This method never did anything but throw an exception, and was removed in Gecko 14 (Firefox 14 / Thunderbird 14 / SeaMonkey 2.11).

Internet Explorer notes

Microsoft defines some non-standard properties:

Document.fileSize This API has not been standardized.   This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work.
Returns size in bytes of the document. Starting with Internet Explorer 11, that property is no longer supported. See MSDN.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
DOM
The definition of 'Document' in that specification.
Living Standard Intend to supersede DOM 3
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'Document' in that specification.
Living Standard Turn the HTMLDocument interface into a Document extension.
CSS Object Model (CSSOM) View Module
The definition of 'Document' in that specification.
Working Draft Extend the Document interface
Pointer Lock
The definition of 'Document' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Extend the Document interface
Page Visibility (Second Edition)
The definition of 'Document' in that specification.
Recommendation Extend the Document interface with the visibilityState and hidden attributes and the onvisibilitychange event listener.
Selection API
The definition of 'Document' in that specification.
Working Draft Adds getSelection(), onselectstart and onselectionchange.
DOM4
The definition of 'Document' in that specification.
Obsolete Supersede DOM 3
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 3 Core Specification
The definition of 'Document' in that specification.
Obsolete Supersede DOM 2
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 3 XPath Specification
The definition of 'XPathEvaluator' in that specification.
Recommendation Define the XPathEvaluator interface which extend document.
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 Core Specification
The definition of 'Document' in that specification.
Obsolete Supersede DOM 1
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification
The definition of 'Document' in that specification.
Obsolete Initial definition for the interface

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser