Element: focus event

The focus event fires when an element has received focus. The main difference between this event and focusin is that focusin bubbles while focus does not.

The opposite of focus is blur.

Bubbles No
Cancelable No
Interface FocusEvent
Event handler property onfocus
Sync / Async Sync
Composed Yes

Examples

Simple example

HTML

<form id="form">
  <input type="text" placeholder="text input">
  <input type="password" placeholder="password">
</form>

JavaScript

const password = document.querySelector('input[type="password"]');

password.addEventListener('focus', (event) => {
  event.target.style.background = 'pink';
});

password.addEventListener('blur', (event) => {
  event.target.style.background = '';
});

Result

Event delegation

There are two ways of implementing event delegation for this event: by using the focusin event, or by setting the useCapture parameter of addEventListener() to true.

HTML

<form id="form">
  <input type="text" placeholder="text input">
  <input type="password" placeholder="password">
</form>

JavaScript

const form = document.getElementById('form');

form.addEventListener('focus', (event) => {
  event.target.style.background = 'pink';
}, true);

form.addEventListener('blur', (event) => {
  event.target.style.background = '';
}, true);

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
UI Events Working Draft Added info that this event is composed.
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 3 Events Specification Obsolete Initial definition

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also