Deprecated: This feature is no longer recommended. Though some browsers might still support it, it may have already been removed from the relevant web standards, may be in the process of being dropped, or may only be kept for compatibility purposes. Avoid using it, and update existing code if possible; see the compatibility table at the bottom of this page to guide your decision. Be aware that this feature may cease to work at any time.

The HTMLAllCollection interface represents a collection of all of the document's elements, accessible by index (like an array) and by the element's id. It is returned by the document.all property.

HTMLAllCollection has a very similar shape to HTMLCollection, but there are many subtle behavior differences — for example, HTMLAllCollection can be called as a function, and its item() method can be called with a string representing an element's id or name attribute.

Instance properties

HTMLAllCollection.length Read only

Returns the number of items in the collection.

Instance methods


Returns the element located at the specified offset into the collection, or the element with the specified value for its id or name attribute. Returns null if no element is found.


Returns the first element in the collection whose id or name attribute match the given string name, or null if no element matches.

Usage in JavaScript

Indexed access

In addition to the methods above, elements in an HTMLAllCollection can be accessed by integer indices and string property names. The HTML id attribute may contain : and . as valid characters, which would necessitate using bracket notation for property access. collection[i] is equivalent to collection.item(i), where i can be an integer, a string containing an integer, or a string representing an id.

Calling as a function

An HTMLAllCollection object is callable. When it's called with no arguments or with undefined, it returns null. Otherwise, it returns the same value as the item() method when given the same arguments.

Special type conversion behavior

For historical reasons, document.all is an object that in the following ways behaves like undefined:

These special behaviors ensure that code like:

if (document.all) {
  // Assume that we are in IE; provide special logic
// Assume that we are in a modern browser

Will continue to provide modern behavior even if the code is run in a browser that implements document.all for compatibility reasons.

However, in all other contexts, document.all remains an object. For example:


HTML Standard
# the-htmlallcollection-interface

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also