Element: mousemove event

The mousemove event is fired at an element when a pointing device (usually a mouse) is moved while the cursor's hotspot is inside it.

Syntax

Use the event name in methods like addEventListener(), or set an event handler property.

addEventListener('mousemove', (event) => {});

onmousemove = (event) => { };

Event type

Event properties

This interface also inherits properties of its parents, UIEvent and Event.

MouseEvent.altKey Read only

Returns true if the alt key was down when the mouse event was fired.

MouseEvent.button Read only

The button number that was pressed (if applicable) when the mouse event was fired.

MouseEvent.buttons Read only

The buttons being pressed (if any) when the mouse event was fired.

MouseEvent.clientX Read only

The X coordinate of the mouse pointer in local (DOM content) coordinates.

MouseEvent.clientY Read only

The Y coordinate of the mouse pointer in local (DOM content) coordinates.

MouseEvent.ctrlKey Read only

Returns true if the control key was down when the mouse event was fired.

MouseEvent.layerX Non-standard Read only

Returns the horizontal coordinate of the event relative to the current layer.

MouseEvent.layerY Non-standard Read only

Returns the vertical coordinate of the event relative to the current layer.

MouseEvent.metaKey Read only

Returns true if the meta key was down when the mouse event was fired.

MouseEvent.movementX Read only

The X coordinate of the mouse pointer relative to the position of the last mousemove event.

MouseEvent.movementY Read only

The Y coordinate of the mouse pointer relative to the position of the last mousemove event.

MouseEvent.offsetX Read only

The X coordinate of the mouse pointer relative to the position of the padding edge of the target node.

MouseEvent.offsetY Read only

The Y coordinate of the mouse pointer relative to the position of the padding edge of the target node.

MouseEvent.pageX Read only

The X coordinate of the mouse pointer relative to the whole document.

MouseEvent.pageY Read only

The Y coordinate of the mouse pointer relative to the whole document.

MouseEvent.relatedTarget Read only

The secondary target for the event, if there is one.

MouseEvent.screenX Read only

The X coordinate of the mouse pointer in global (screen) coordinates.

MouseEvent.screenY Read only

The Y coordinate of the mouse pointer in global (screen) coordinates.

MouseEvent.shiftKey Read only

Returns true if the shift key was down when the mouse event was fired.

MouseEvent.mozPressure Non-standard Deprecated Read only

The amount of pressure applied to a touch or tablet device when generating the event; this value ranges between 0.0 (minimum pressure) and 1.0 (maximum pressure). Instead of using this deprecated (and non-standard) property, you should use PointerEvent and look at its pressure property.

MouseEvent.mozInputSource Non-standard Read only

The type of device that generated the event (one of the MOZ_SOURCE_* constants). This lets you, for example, determine whether a mouse event was generated by an actual mouse or by a touch event (which might affect the degree of accuracy with which you interpret the coordinates associated with the event).

MouseEvent.webkitForce Non-standard Read only

The amount of pressure applied when clicking.

MouseEvent.x Read only

Alias for MouseEvent.clientX.

MouseEvent.y Read only

Alias for MouseEvent.clientY.

Examples

The following example uses the mousedown, mousemove, and mouseup events to allow the user to draw on an HTML canvas. Its functionality is simple: the thickness of the line is set to 1, and the color is always black.

When the page loads, constants myPics and context are created to store a reference to the canvas and the 2d context we will use to draw.

Drawing begins when the mousedown event fires. First we store the x and y coordinates of the mouse pointer in the variables x and y, and then set isDrawing to true.

As the mouse moves over the page, the mousemove event fires. If isDrawing is true, the event handler calls the drawLine function to draw a line from the stored x and y values to the current location.

When the drawLine() function returns, we adjust the coordinates and then save them in x and y.

The mouseup event draws the final line segment, sets x and y to 0, and stops further drawing by setting isDrawing to false.

HTML

<h1>Drawing with mouse events</h1>
<canvas id="myPics" width="560" height="360"></canvas>

CSS

canvas {
  border: 1px solid black;
  width: 560px;
  height: 360px;
}

JavaScript

// When true, moving the mouse draws on the canvas
let isDrawing = false;
let x = 0;
let y = 0;

const myPics = document.getElementById('myPics');
const context = myPics.getContext('2d');

// event.offsetX, event.offsetY gives the (x,y) offset from the edge of the canvas.

// Add the event listeners for mousedown, mousemove, and mouseup
myPics.addEventListener('mousedown', (e) => {
  x = e.offsetX;
  y = e.offsetY;
  isDrawing = true;
});

myPics.addEventListener('mousemove', (e) => {
  if (isDrawing) {
    drawLine(context, x, y, e.offsetX, e.offsetY);
    x = e.offsetX;
    y = e.offsetY;
  }
});

window.addEventListener('mouseup', (e) => {
  if (isDrawing) {
    drawLine(context, x, y, e.offsetX, e.offsetY);
    x = 0;
    y = 0;
    isDrawing = false;
  }
});

function drawLine(context, x1, y1, x2, y2) {
  context.beginPath();
  context.strokeStyle = 'black';
  context.lineWidth = 1;
  context.moveTo(x1, y1);
  context.lineTo(x2, y2);
  context.stroke();
  context.closePath();
}

Result

Specifications

Specification
UI Events
# event-type-mousemove
HTML Standard
# handler-onmousemove

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also