The DOMException interface represents an abnormal event (called an exception) that occurs as a result of calling a method or accessing a property of a web API. This is how error conditions are described in web APIs.

Each exception has a name, which is a short "PascalCase"-style string identifying the error or abnormal condition.



Returns a DOMException object with a specified message and name.


DOMException.code Read only

Returns a short that contains one of the error code constants, or 0 if none match. This field is used for historical reasons. New DOM exceptions don't use this anymore: they put this info in the attribute.

DOMException.message Read only

Returns a DOMString representing a message or description associated with the given error name. Read only

Returns a DOMString that contains one of the strings associated with an error name.

Error names

Common error names are listed here. Some APIs define their own sets of names, so this is not necessarily a complete list.

Note that the following deprecated historical errors don’t have an error name but instead have only a legacy constant code value and a legacy constant name:

  • Legacy code value: 2, legacy constant name: DOMSTRING_SIZE_ERR
  • Legacy code value: 6, legacy constant name: NO_DATA_ALLOWED_ERR
  • Legacy code value: 16, legacy constant name: VALIDATION_ERR

Note: Because historically the errors were identified by a numeric value that corresponded with a named variable defined to have that value, some of the entries below indicate the legacy code value and constant name that were used in the past.


The index is not in the allowed range. For example, this can be thrown by the Range object. (Legacy code value: 1 and legacy constant name: INDEX_SIZE_ERR)


The node tree hierarchy is not correct. (Legacy code value: 3 and legacy constant name: HIERARCHY_REQUEST_ERR)


The object is in the wrong Document. (Legacy code value: 4 and legacy constant name: WRONG_DOCUMENT_ERR)


The string contains invalid characters. (Legacy code value: 5 and legacy constant name: INVALID_CHARACTER_ERR)


The object cannot be modified. (Legacy code value: 7 and legacy constant name: NO_MODIFICATION_ALLOWED_ERR)


The object cannot be found here. (Legacy code value: 8 and legacy constant name: NOT_FOUND_ERR)


The operation is not supported. (Legacy code value: 9 and legacy constant name: NOT_SUPPORTED_ERR)


The object is in an invalid state. (Legacy code value: 11 and legacy constant name: INVALID_STATE_ERR)


The attribute is in use. (Legacy code value: 10 and legacy constant name: INUSE_ATTRIBUTE_ERR)


The string did not match the expected pattern. (Legacy code value: 12 and legacy constant name: SYNTAX_ERR)


The object cannot be modified in this way. (Legacy code value: 13 and legacy constant name: INVALID_MODIFICATION_ERR)


The operation is not allowed by Namespaces in XML. (Legacy code value: 14 and legacy constant name: NAMESPACE_ERR)


The object does not support the operation or argument. (Legacy code value: 15 and legacy constant name: INVALID_ACCESS_ERR)


The type of the object does not match the expected type. (Legacy code value: 17 and legacy constant name: TYPE_MISMATCH_ERR) This value is deprecated; the JavaScript TypeError exception is now raised instead of a DOMException with this value.


The operation is insecure. (Legacy code value: 18 and legacy constant name: SECURITY_ERR)


A network error occurred. (Legacy code value: 19 and legacy constant name: NETWORK_ERR)


The operation was aborted. (Legacy code value: 20 and legacy constant name: ABORT_ERR)


The given URL does not match another URL. (Legacy code value: 21 and legacy constant name: URL_MISMATCH_ERR)


The quota has been exceeded. (Legacy code value: 22 and legacy constant name: QUOTA_EXCEEDED_ERR)


The operation timed out. (Legacy code value: 23 and legacy constant name: TIMEOUT_ERR)


The node is incorrect or has an incorrect ancestor for this operation. (Legacy code value: 24 and legacy constant name: INVALID_NODE_TYPE_ERR)


The object can not be cloned. (Legacy code value: 25 and legacy constant name: DATA_CLONE_ERR)


The encoding or decoding operation failed (No legacy code value and constant name).


The input/output read operation failed (No legacy code value and constant name).


The operation failed for an unknown transient reason (e.g. out of memory) (No legacy code value and constant name).


A mutation operation in a transaction failed because a constraint was not satisfied (No legacy code value and constant name).


Provided data is inadequate (No legacy code value and constant name).


A request was placed against a transaction that is currently not active or is finished (No legacy code value and constant name).


The mutating operation was attempted in a "readonly" transaction (No legacy code value and constant name).


An attempt was made to open a database using a lower version than the existing version (No legacy code value and constant name).


The operation failed for an operation-specific reason (No legacy code value and constant name).


The request is not allowed by the user agent or the platform in the current context, possibly because the user denied permission (No legacy code value and constant name).


Web IDL Standard (Web IDL)
# idl-DOMException

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also