The getElementsByName() method of the Document object returns a NodeList Collection of elements with a given name in the document.

Syntax

var elements = document.getElementsByName(name);
  • elements is a live NodeList Collection, meaning it automatically updates as new elements with the same name are added to/removed from the document.
  • name is the value of the name attribute of the element(s).

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<title>Example: using document.getElementsByName</title>

<input type="hidden" name="up">
<input type="hidden" name="down">

<script>
  var up_names = document.getElementsByName("up");
  console.log(up_names[0].tagName); // displays "INPUT"
</script>
</html>

Notes

The name attribute can only be applied in (X)HTML documents.

The returned NodeList Collection contains all elements with the given name, such as <meta>, <object>, and even elements which do not support the name attribute at all.

The getElementsByName method works differently in IE10 and below. There, getElementsByName() also returns elements that have an id attribute with the specified value. Be careful not to use the same string as both a name and an id.

The getElementsByName method works differently in IE. There, getElementsByName() does not return all elements which may not have a name attribute (such as <span>).

Both IE and Edge return an HTMLCollection, not a NodeList

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'Document.getElementsByName()' in that specification.
Living Standard  
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 HTML Specification
The definition of 'Document.getElementsByName()' in that specification.
Obsolete Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support YesEdge Full support Yes
Notes
Full support Yes
Notes
Notes Returns an HTMLCollection, not a NodeList
Firefox Full support YesIE Full support Yes
Notes
Full support Yes
Notes
Notes Returns an HTMLCollection, not a NodeList
Opera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support Yes
Notes
Full support Yes
Notes
Notes Returns an HTMLCollection, not a NodeList
Firefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.

See also