Document.hasFocus()

The hasFocus() method of the Document interface returns a boolean value indicating whether the document or any element inside the document has focus. This method can be used to determine whether the active element in a document has focus.

Note: When viewing a document, an element with focus is always the active element in the document, but an active element does not necessarily have focus. For example, an active element within a popup window that is not the foreground doesn't have focus.

Syntax

var focused = document.hasFocus();

Return value

false if the active element in the document has no focus; true if the active element in the document has focus.

Example

This example checks whether the document has focus every 300 milliseconds. To test the functionality of hasFocus(), click on the button to open a new window, and try switching between the two pages.

HTML

<p id="log">Awaiting focus check.</p>
<button onclick="openWindow()">Open a new window</button>

JavaScript

function checkPageFocus() {
  let body = document.querySelector('body');
  let log = document.getElementById('log');

  if (document.hasFocus()) {
    log.textContent = 'This document has the focus.';
    body.style.background = '#fff';
  }
  else {
    log.textContent = 'This document does not have the focus.';
    body.style.background = '#ccc';
  }
}

function openWindow() {
  window.open('https://developer.mozilla.org/', 'MDN', 'width=640,height=320,left=150,top=150');
}

// Check page focus every 300 milliseconds
setInterval(checkPageFocus, 300);

Result

Specifications

Specification
HTML Standard (HTML)
# dom-document-hasfocus-dev

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also