The Document.hasFocus() method returns a Boolean value indicating whether the document or any element inside the document has focus. This method can be used to determine whether the active element in a document has focus.

When viewing a document, an element with focus is always the active element in the document, but an active element does not necessarily have focus. For example, an active element within a popup window that is not the foreground does not have focus.


focused = document.hasFocus();

Return value

false if the active element in the document has no focus; true if the active element in the document has focus.


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<meta charset="UTF-8" />
#message { font-weight: bold; }
setInterval( checkPageFocus, 200 );

function checkPageFocus() {
  var info = document.getElementById("message");

  if ( document.hasFocus() ) {
    info.innerHTML = "The document has the focus.";
  } else {
    info.innerHTML = "The document doesn't have the focus.";

function openWindow() { (
  <h1>JavaScript hasFocus example</h1>
  <div id="message">Waiting for user action</div>
  <div><button onclick="openWindow()">Open a new window</button></div>


Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'Document.hasFocus()' in that specification.
Living Standard Initial definition

Browser compatibility

We're converting our compatibility data into a machine-readable JSON format. This compatibility table still uses the old format, because we haven't yet converted the data it contains. Find out how you can help!

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 30 (Yes) 3.0 (1.9) 6.0 No support (Yes)
Feature Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? (Yes) 1.0 (1.9) ? No support ?

See also