HTMLElement: beforetoggle event

Baseline 2024

Newly available

Since April 2024, this feature works across the latest devices and browser versions. This feature might not work in older devices or browsers.

The beforetoggle event of the HTMLElement interface fires on a popover element (i.e. one that has a valid popover attribute) just before it is shown or hidden.

  • If the popover is transitioning from hidden to showing, the event.oldState property will be set to closed and the event.newState property will be set to open.
  • If the popover is transitioning from showing to hidden, then event.oldState will be open and event.newState will be closed.


Use the event name in methods like addEventListener(), or set an event handler property.

addEventListener("beforetoggle", (event) => {});

onbeforetoggle = (event) => {};

Event type


Basic example

const popover = document.getElementById("mypopover");

// ...

popover.addEventListener("beforetoggle", (event) => {
  if (event.newState === "open") {
    console.log("Popover is being shown");
  } else {
    console.log("Popover is being hidden");

A note on toggle event coalescing

It is worth pointing out that beforetoggle events are coalesced, meaning that if multiple beforetoggle events are fired before the event loop has a chance to cycle, only a single event will be fired.

For example:

popover.addEventListener("beforetoggle", () => {

// `beforetoggle` only fires once


HTML Standard
# event-beforetoggle

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also