MutationObserver

The MutationObserver interface provides the ability to watch for changes being made to the DOM tree. It is designed as a replacement for the older Mutation Events feature, which was part of the DOM3 Events specification.

Constructor

MutationObserver()
Creates and returns a new MutationObserver which will invoke a specified callback function when DOM changes occur.

Methods

disconnect()
Stops the MutationObserver instance from receiving further notifications until and unless observe() is called again.
observe()
Configures the MutationObserver to begin receiving notifications through its callback function when DOM changes matching the given options occur.
takeRecords()
Removes all pending notifications from the MutationObserver's notification queue and returns them in a new Array of MutationRecord objects.

Mutation Observer & customize resize event listener & demo

Example

The following example was adapted from this blog post.

// Select the node that will be observed for mutations
const targetNode = document.getElementById('some-id');

// Options for the observer (which mutations to observe)
const config = { attributes: true, childList: true, subtree: true };

// Callback function to execute when mutations are observed
const callback = function(mutationsList, observer) {
    // Use traditional 'for loops' for IE 11
    for(const mutation of mutationsList) {
        if (mutation.type === 'childList') {
            console.log('A child node has been added or removed.');
        }
        else if (mutation.type === 'attributes') {
            console.log('The ' + mutation.attributeName + ' attribute was modified.');
        }
    }
};

// Create an observer instance linked to the callback function
const observer = new MutationObserver(callback);

// Start observing the target node for configured mutations
observer.observe(targetNode, config);

// Later, you can stop observing
observer.disconnect();

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
DOM
The definition of 'MutationObserver' in that specification.
Living Standard

Browser compatibility

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See also