HTML5

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HTML5 є найновішим стандартом HTML. Цей термін представляє дві різні концепції:

  • Це нова версія мови HTML, з новими елементами, атрибутами і поведінкою
  • Це великий стек технологій, котрі надають більшого різноманіття та потужності Веб-сайтам та додаткам. Цей набір інколи називають HTML5 & friends, але часто скорочують до HTML5.

Спроектована, для використання всіма розробниками Відкритого Вебу (Open Web), ця сторінка надає посилання до численних ресурсів про HTML5 технологї, розсортованні в декілька груп, в залежності від їх функцій.

  • Семантика:  дозволяє описати якомога точніше з чого складається ваш контент.
  • Зв'язок:  дозволяє вам взаємодіяти з сервером новим та інноваційним шляхом.
  • Оффлайн та сховище:  надає можливість веб-сторінкам зберігати дані на стороні клієнта локально та оперувати оффлайном ефективніше.
  • Мультимедіа: робить відео та аудіо першокласними мешканцями Відкритого Вебу.
  • 2D/3D графіка та ефекти: дозволяє безліч презентаційних варіантів.
  • Ефективність та інтеграція:  надає більшу оптимізацію швидкості та кращого використання заліза (hardware) комп'ютера. 
  • Доступ до пристрою: дозвляє використання різноманітних пристроїв вводу/виводу
  • Стилі: Дозволяє авторам створювати більш складні і витончені теми.

сЕМАНТиКА

Sections and outlines in HTML5
Огляд нових елементів HTML5 для структуризації контенту: <section>, <article>, <nav>, <header>, <footer> and <aside>.
Використання відео та аудіо в HTML5
The <audio> and <video> elements embed and allow the manipulation of new multimedia content.
Форми в HTML5
A look at improvements to web forms in HTML5: the constraint validation API, several new attributes, new values for the <input> attribute type and the new <output> element.
New semantic elements
Beside sections, media and forms elements, there are numerous new elements, like <mark>, <figure>, <figcaption>, <data>, <time>, <output>, <progress>, or <meter> and <main>, increasing the amount of valid HTML5 elements.
Improvement in <iframe>
Using the sandbox, seamless, and srcdoc attributes, authors can now be precise about the level of security and the wished rendering of an <iframe> element.
MathML
Allows Дозволяє directly embedding mathematical formulas.
Introduction to HTML5
This article introduces how to indicate to the browser that you are using HTML5 in your web design or web application.
HTML5-compliant parser
The parser, which turns the bytes of an HTML document into a DOM, has been extended and now precisely defines the behavior to use in all cases, even when faced with invalid HTML. This leads to far greater predictability and interoperability between HTML5-compliant browsers.

Зв'язок

Web Sockets
Allows creating a permanent connection between the page and the server and to exchange non-HTML data through that means.
Server-sent events
Allows a server to push events to a client, rather than the classical paradigm where the server could send data only in response to a client's request.
WebRTC
This technology, where RTC stands for Real-Time Communication, allows connecting to other people and controlling videoconferencing directly in the browser, without the need for a plugin or an external application.

Оффлайн та сховище

Offline resources: The application cache
Firefox fully supports the HTML5 offline resource specification. Most others have offline resource support at some level.
Online and offline events
Firefox 3 supports WHATWG online and offline events, which let applications and extensions detect whether or not there's an active Internet connection, as well as to detect when the connection goes up and down.
WHATWG client-side session and persistent storage (aka DOM storage)
Client-side session and persistent storage allows web applications to store structured data on the client side.
IndexedDB
IndexedDB is a web standard for the storage of significant amounts of structured data in the browser and for high performance searches on this data using indexes.
Using files from web applications
Support for the new HTML5 File API has been added to Gecko, making it possible for web applications to access local files selected by the user. This includes support for selecting multiple files using the <input> of type file HTML element's new multiple attribute. There also is FileReader.

Мультимедіа

Using HTML5 audio and video
The <audio> and <video> elements embed and allow the manipulation of new multimedia content.
WebRTC
This technology, where RTC stands for Real-Time Communication, allows connecting to other people and controlling videoconferencing directly in the browser, without the need for a plugin or an external application.
Using the Camera API
Allows using, manipulating, and storing an image from the computer's camera.
Track and WebVTT
The <track> element allows subtitles and chapters. WebVTT is a text track format.

3D Графіка та ефекти 

Canvas tutorial
Learn about the new <canvas> element and how to draw graphs and other objects in Firefox.
HTML5 Text API for <canvas> elements
The HTML5 text API is now supported by <canvas> elements.
WebGL
WebGL brings 3D graphics to the Web by introducing an API that closely conforms to OpenGL ES 2.0 that can be used in HTML5 <canvas> elements.
SVG
An XML-based format of vectorial images that can directly be embedded in the HTML.

Ефективність та Інтеграція

Web Workers
Allows delegation of JavaScript evaluation to background threads, allowing these activities to prevent slowing down interactive events.
XMLHttpRequest level 2
Allows fetching asynchronously some parts of the page, allowing it to display dynamic content, varying according to the time and user actions. This is the technology behind Ajax.
JIT-compiling JavaScript engines
The new generation of JavaScript engines is much more powerful, leading to greater performance.
History API
Allows the manipulation of the browser history. This is especially useful for pages loading interactively new information.
The contentEditable Attribute: Transform your website to a wiki!
HTML5 has standardized the contentEditable attribute. Learn more about this feature.
Drag and drop
The HTML5 drag and drop API allows support for dragging and dropping items within and between web sites. This also provides a simpler API for use by extensions and Mozilla-based applications.
Focus management in HTML
The new HTML5 activeElement and hasFocus attributes are supported.
Web-based protocol handlers
You can now register web applications as protocol handlers using the navigator.registerProtocolHandler() method.
requestAnimationFrame
Allows control of animations rendering to obtain optimal performance.
Fullscreen API
Controls the usage of the whole screen for a Web page or application, without the browser UI displayed.
Pointer Lock API
Allows locking the pointer to the content, so games and similar applications don't lose focus when the pointer reaches the window limit.
Online and offline events
In order to build a good offline-capable web application, you need to know when your application is actually offline. Incidentally, you also need to know when your application has returned to an online status again.

Доступ до пристрою

Using the Camera API
Allows using, manipulating, and storing an image from the computer's camera.
Touch events
Handlers to react to events created by a user pressing touch screens.
Using geolocation
Let browsers locate the position of the user using geolocation.
Detecting device orientation
Get the information when the device on which the browser runs changes orientation. This can be used as an input device (e.g., to make games that react to the position of the device) or to adapt the layout of a page to the orientation of the screen (portrait or landscape).
Pointer Lock API
Allows locking the pointer to the content, so games and similar application don't lose focus when the pointer reaches the window limit.

Стилі

CSS has been extended to be able to style elements in a much more complex way. This is often referred as CSS3, though CSS is not a monolithic specification any more and the different modules are not all at level 3: some are at level 1 and others at level 4, with all the intermediate levels covered.

New background styling features
It is now possible to put a shadow to a box, using box-shadow and multiple backgrounds can be set.
More fancy borders
Not only it is now possible to use images to style borders, using border-image and its associated longhand properties, but rounded borders are supported via the border-radius property.
Animating your style
Using CSS Transitions to animate between different states or using CSS Animations to animate parts of the page without a triggering event, you can now control mobile elements on your page.
Typography improvement
Authors have better control to reach better typography. They can control text-overflow and hyphenation, but also can add a shadow to it or control more precisely its decorations. Custom typefaces can be downloaded and applied thanks to the new @font-face at-rule.
New presentational layouts
In order to improve the flexibility of designs, two new layouts have been added: the CSS multi-column layouts and CSS flexible box layout.

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 Зробили внесок у цю сторінку: andrewnovsky, yakubiv, assanovstan
 Востаннє оновлена: andrewnovsky,