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    Localization (l10n) is the process of adapting a software user interface to a specific culture.

    The following are common factors to consider:

    • language
    • unit of measure (e.g., kilometers in Europe, miles in U.S.)
    • text direction (e.g., European languages are left-to-right, Arabic right-to-left)
    • capitalization in Latin script (e.g., English uses capitals for weekdays, Spanish uses lowercase)
    • adaptation of idioms (e.g., "raining cats and dogs" makes no sense when translated literally)
    • use of register (e.g., in Japanese respectful speech differs exceptionally from casual speech)
    • number format (e.g., 10 000,00 in Germany vs. 10,000.00 in the U.S.)
    • date format
    • currency
    • cultural references
    • paper size
    • color psychology
    • compliance with local laws
    • local holidays
    • personal names

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    General knowledge