document.activeElement

概要

Returns the currently focused element, that is, the element that will get keystroke events if the user types any. This attribute is read only.

Often this will return an <input> or <textarea> object, if it has the text selection at the time.  If so, you can get more detail by using the element's selectionStart and selectionEnd properties.  Other times the focused element might be a <select> element (menu) or an <input> element, of type button, checkbox or radio.

注記: On Mac, elements that aren't text input elements tend not to get focus assigned to them.

Typically a user can press the tab key to move the focus around the page among focusable elements, and use the space bar to activate it (press a button, choose a radio).

Do not confuse focus with a selection over the document, consisting mostly of static text nodes.  See window.getSelection() for that.

When there is no selection, the active element is the page's <body>.

註: This attribute is part of the in-development HTML 5 specification.

構文

var curElement = document.activeElement;

<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
<head>
    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8">
    function init() {

        function onMouseUp(e) {
            console.log(e);
            var outputElement = document.getElementById('output-element');
            var outputText = document.getElementById('output-text');
            var selectedTextArea = document.activeElement;
            var selection = selectedTextArea.value.substring(
            selectedTextArea.selectionStart, selectedTextArea.selectionEnd);
            outputElement.innerHTML = selectedTextArea.id;
            outputText.innerHTML = selection;
        }

        document.getElementById("ta-example-one").addEventListener("mouseup", onMouseUp, false);
        document.getElementById("ta-example-two").addEventListener("mouseup", onMouseUp, false);
    }
    </script>
</head>
<body onload="init()">
<div>
    Select some text from one of the Textareas below:
</div>
<form id="frm-example" action="#" accept-charset="utf-8">
<textarea name="ta-example-one" id="ta-example-one" rows="8" cols="40">
This is Textarea Example One: 
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec tincidunt, lorem a porttitor molestie, odio nibh iaculis libero, et accumsan nunc orci eu dui.
</textarea>
<textarea name="ta-example-two" id="ta-example-two" rows="8" cols="40">
This is Textarea Example Two:
Fusce ullamcorper, nisl ac porttitor adipiscing, urna orci egestas libero, ut accumsan orci lacus laoreet diam. Morbi sed euismod diam.
</textarea>
</form>
Active Element Id: <span id="output-element"></span><br/>
Selected Text: <span id="output-text"></span>

</body>
</html>

jsFiddle で確認

注記

Originally introduced as a proprietary DOM extension in Internet Explorer 4, this property also is supported in Opera and Safari (as of version 4).

仕様

ブラウザ実装状況

機能 Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
基本サポート 2 3.0 4 9.6 4.0
機能 Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
基本サポート ? ? ? ? ?

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: Kohei, ethertank
最終更新者: ethertank,