MDN’s new design is in Beta! A sneak peek:

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Creates an XPathNSResolver which resolves namespaces with respect to the definitions in scope for a specified node.


nsResolver = document.createNSResolver(node);


  • node is the node to be used as a context for namespace resolution.

Return value

  • nsResolver is an XPathNSResolver object.


Adapts any DOM node to resolve namespaces so that an XPath expression can be easily evaluated relative to the context of the node where it appeared within the document. This adapter works like the DOM Level 3 method lookupNamespaceURI on nodes in resolving the namespaceURI from a given prefix using the current information available in the node's hierarchy at the time lookupNamespaceURI is called. Also correctly resolves the implicit xml prefix.

Note, XPath defines QNames without prefix to match only elements in the null namespace. There is no way in XPath to pick up the default namespace as applied to a regular element reference (e.g., p[@id='_myid'] for xmlns=''). To match default elements in a non-null namespace, you either have to refer to a particular element using a form such as *namespace-uri()= and name()=p[@id='_myid'] (this approach works well for dynamic XPath expressions where the namespaces might not be known) or use prefixed name tests, and create a namespace resolver mapping the prefix to the namespace. Read more on how to create a user defined namespace resolver if you wish to take the latter approach.

createNSResolver was introduced in DOM Level 3.

See also


DOM Level 3 XPath Specification: createNSResolver


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