Operadores

Este capítulo documenta todos os operadores, expressões e keywords da linguagem JavaScript .

Expressões e operadores por categoria

Para uma lista alfabética ver a barra lateral à esquerda.

Expressões primárias

Palavras-chave e expressões básicas em JavaScript.

this
A palavra-chave this refere-se ao contexto de execução da função.
function
A palavra-chave function define uma função.
This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code. class
A palavra-chave class define uma classe.
This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code. function*
A palavra-chave function*  define um gerador de função.
This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code. yield
Pausa e retorma uma função de gerador
This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code. yield*
Delegar a outra função gerador ou objeto iterável.
[]
Array initializer/literal syntax.
{}
Object initializer/literal syntax.
/ab+c/i
Regular expression literal syntax.
This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code. [for (x of y) x]
Array comprehensions.
This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code. (for (x of y) y)
Generator comprehensions.
( )
Grouping operator.

Left-hand-side expressions

Left values are the destination of an assignment.

Property accessors
Member operators provide access to a property or method of an object
(object.property and object["property"]).
new
The new operator creates an instance of a constructor.
This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code. super
The super keyword calls the parent constructor.
This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code. ...obj
The spread operator allows an expression to be expanded in places where multiple arguments (for function calls) or multiple elements (for array literals) are expected.

Incremento e decremento

Operadores sufixo/prefixo para incremento e sufixo/prefixo para decremento.

A++
Operador sufixo para incremento.
A--
Operador sufixo para decremento.
++A
Operador prefixo para incremento.
--A
Operador prefixo para decremento.

Unary operators

A unary operation is operation with only one operand.

delete (en-US)
The delete operator deletes a property from an object.
void
The void operator discards an expression's return value.
typeof
The typeof operator determines the type of a given object.
+
The unary plus operator converts its operand to Number type.
-
The unary negation operator converts its operand to Number type and then negates it.
~
Bitwise NOT operator.
! (en-US)
Logical NOT operator.

Operadores aritméticos

Arithmetic operators take numerical values (either literals or variables) as their operands and return a single numerical value.

+
Operador de soma.
-
Operador de subtração.
/
Operador de divisão.
*
Operador de multiplicação.
%
Remainder operator.

Operadores relacionais

A comparison operator compares its operands and returns a Boolean value based on whether the comparison is true.

in
The in operator determines whether an object has a given property.
instanceof
The instanceof operator determines whether an object is an instance of another object.
< (en-US)
Operador "menor que".
> (en-US)
Operador "maior que".
<= (en-US)
Operador "menor ou igual que".
>= (en-US)
Operador "maior ou igual que".

Operadores de igualdade

O resultador de um operador de igualdade é do tipo Booleano baseado que a comparação seja verdadeira.

== (en-US)

Operadores de igualdade.
!= (en-US)
Inequality operator.
=== (en-US)
Identity operator.
!== (en-US)
Nonidentity operator.

Bitwise shift operators

Operations to shift all bits of the operand.

<<
Bitwise left shift operator.
>>
Bitwise right shift operator.
>>>
Bitwise unsigned right shift operator.

Binary bitwise operators

Bitwise operators treat their operands as a set of 32 bits (zeros and ones) and return standard JavaScript numerical values.

&
Bitwise AND.
|
Bitwise OR.
^
Bitwise XOR.

Operadores Lógicos Binários

Operadores lógicos são normalmente usados com boolean (logical) valores, e quando eles são, eles retornam um valor Boolean.

&& (en-US)
AND.
|| (en-US)
 OR.

Operador de Condicional (ternário)

(condition ? ifTrue : ifFalse)

O operador condicional retorna um dos dois valores baseado no valor lógico da condição.

Assignment operators

An assignment operator assigns a value to its left operand based on the value of its right operand.

= (en-US)
Assignment operator.
*= (en-US)
Multiplication assignment.
/= (en-US)
Division assignment.
%= (en-US)
Remainder assignment.
+= (en-US)
Addition assignment.
-= (en-US)
Subtraction assignment
<<= (en-US)
Left shift assignment.
>>= (en-US)
Right shift assignment.
>>>= (en-US)
Unsigned right shift assignment.
&= (en-US)
Bitwise AND assignment.
^= (en-US)
Bitwise XOR assignment.
|= (en-US)
Bitwise OR assignment.
This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code. [a, b] = [1, 2]
This is an experimental API that should not be used in production code. {a, b} = {a:1, b:2}

Destructuring assignment allows you to assign the properties of an array or object to variables using syntax that looks similar to array or object literals.

Comma operator

,
The comma operator allows multiple expressions to be evaluated in a single statement and returns the result of the last expression.

Non-standard features

This API has not been standardized. Legacy generator function
The function keyword can be used to define a legacy generator function inside an expression. To make the function a legacy generator, the function body should contains at least one yield expression.
This API has not been standardized. Expression closures
The expression closure syntax is a shorthand for writing simple function.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 1st Edition. Standard Definição inicial.
ECMAScript 5.1 (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Expressions' in that specification.
Padrão
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'ECMAScript Language: Expressions' in that specification.
Padrão Novo: Spread operator, destructuring assignment, super keyword, Array comprehensions, Generator comprehensions

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