This is an experimental technology
Because this technology's specification has not stabilized, check the compatibility table for usage in various browsers. Also note that the syntax and behavior of an experimental technology is subject to change in future versions of browsers as the specification changes.

The WebGLRenderingContext.texImage3D() method of the WebGL API specifies a three-dimensional texture image.


void gl.texImage3D(target, level, internalformat, width, height, depth, border, format, type, ArrayBufferView? pixels);

void gl.texImage3D(target, level, internalformat, width, height, depth, border, format, type, GLintptr offset);


A GLenum specifying the binding point (target) of the active texture. Possible values:
  • gl.TEXTURE_3D: A three-dimensional texture.
  • gl.TEXTURE_2D_ARRAY: A two-dimensional array texture.
A GLint specifying the level of detail. Level 0 is the base image level and level n is the nth mipmap reduction level.
A GLint specifying the color components in the texture. Possible values:
  • gl.ALPHA: Discards the red, green and blue components and reads the alpha component.
  • gl.RGB: Discards the alpha components and reads the red, green and blue components.
  • gl.RGBA: Red, green, blue and alpha components are read from the color buffer.
  • gl.LUMINANCE: Each color component is a luminance component, alpha is 1.0.
  • gl.LUMINANCE_ALPHA: Each component is a luminance/alpha component.
  • gl.R8
  • gl.R16F
  • gl.R32F
  • gl.R8UI
  • gl.RG8
  • gl.RG16F
  • gl.RG32F
  • gl.RGUI
  • gl.RGB8
  • gl.SRGB8
  • gl.RGB565
  • gl.R11F_G11F_B10F
  • gl.RGB9_E5
  • gl.RGB16F
  • gl.RGB32F
  • gl.RGB8UI
  • gl.RGBA8
  • gl.SRGB_APLHA8
  • gl.RGB5_A1
  • gl.RGBA4444
  • gl.RGBA16F
  • gl.RGBA32F
  • gl.RGBA8UI
A GLsizei specifying the width of the texture.
A GLsizei specifying the height of the texture.
A GLsizei specifying the depth of the texture.
A GLint specifying the width of the border. Must be 0.
A GLenum specifying the format of the texel data. The correct combinations with internalformat are listed in this table.
A GLenum specifying the data type of the texel data. Possible values:
  • gl.UNSIGNED_BYTE: 8 bits per channel for gl.RGBA
  • gl.UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_6_5: 5 red bits, 6 green bits, 5 blue bits.
  • gl.UNSIGNED_SHORT_4_4_4_4: 4 red bits, 4 green bits, 4 blue bits, 4 alpha bits.
  • gl.UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_5_5_1: 5 red bits, 5 green bits, 5 blue bits, 1 alpha bit.
  • gl.BYTE
  • gl.SHORT
  • gl.INT
  • gl.FLOAT
  • gl.UNSIGNED_INT_2_10_10_10_REV
  • gl.UNSIGNED_INT_10F_11F_11F_REV
  • gl.UNSIGNED_INT_5_9_9_9_REV
  • gl.UNSIGNED_INT_24_8
  • gl.FLOAT_32_UNSIGNED_INT_24_8_REV (pixels must be null)
ArrayBufferView that can be used as a pixel source for the texture.
A GLintptr byte offset into the WebGLBuffer's data store. Used to upload data to the currently bound WebGLTexture from the WebGLBuffer bound to the PIXEL_UNPACK_BUFFER target.

Return value



              0,                                          // level
              gl.RGBA,                                    // internalFormat
              1,                                          // width
              1,                                          // height
              1,                                          // depth
              0,                                          // border
              gl.RGBA,                                    // format
              gl.UNSIGNED_BYTE,                           // type
              new Uint8Array([0xff, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00]));  // data


Specification Status Comment
WebGL 2.0
The definition of 'texImage3D' in that specification.
Editor's Draft Updated definition for WebGL.
OpenGL ES 3.0
The definition of 'glTexImage3D' in that specification.
Standard Man page of the (similar) OpenGL ES 3.0 API.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari Servo
Basic SupportNo support1No support51.0No supportNo supportNo supportNo support
Feature Android Chrome for Android Edge Mobile Firefox for Android IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic SupportNo supportNo supportNo supportNo supportNo supportNo supportNo support

1. To use an experimental implementation of WebGL 2 in Chrome, you have to start Chrome with the runtime flag --enable-unsafe-es3-apis.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: teoli, fscholz
 Last updated by: teoli,