The HTML <article> element represents a self-contained composition in a document, page, application, or site, which is intended to be independently distributable or reusable (e.g., in syndication). Examples include: a forum post, a magazine or newspaper article, or a blog entry.

Content categories Flow content, sectioning content, palpable content.
Permitted content Flow content.
Tag omission None, both the starting and ending tag are mandatory.
Permitted parents Any element that accepts flow content. Note that an <article> element must not be a descendant of an <address> element.
Permitted ARIA roles application, document, feed, main, presentation, region
DOM interface HTMLElement

Attributes

This element only includes the global attributes.

Usage notes

  • Each <article> should be identified, typically by including a heading (<h1>-<h6> element) as a child of the <article> element.
  • When an <article> element is nested, the inner element represents an article related to the outer element. For example, the comments of a blog post can be <article> elements nested in the <article> representing the blog post.
  • Author information of an <article> element can be provided through the <address> element, but it doesn't apply to nested <article> elements.
  • The publication date and time of an <article> element can be described using the datetime attribute of a <time> element. Note that the pubdate attribute of <time> is no longer a part of the W3C HTML 5 standard.

Examples

<article class="film_review">
  <header>
    <h2>Jurassic Park</h2>
  </header>
  <section class="main_review">
    <p>Dinos were great!</p>
  </section>
  <section class="user_reviews">
    <article class="user_review">
      <p>Way too scary for me.</p>
      <footer>
        <p>
          Posted on
          <time datetime="2015-05-16 19:00">May 16</time>
          by Lisa.
        </p>
      </footer>
    </article>
    <article class="user_review">
      <p>I agree, dinos are my favorite.</p>
      <footer>
        <p>
          Posted on
          <time datetime="2015-05-17 19:00">May 17</time>
          by Tom.
        </p>
      </footer>
    </article>
  </section>
  <footer>
    <p>
      Posted on
      <time datetime="2015-05-15 19:00">May 15</time>
      by Staff.
    </p>
  </footer>
</article>

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<article>' in that specification.
Living Standard  
HTML 5.1
The definition of '<article>' in that specification.
Recommendation  
HTML5
The definition of '<article>' in that specification.
Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic Support5 (Yes)4911.14.1
FeatureAndroidChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidIE mobileOpera AndroidiOS Safari
Basic Support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)49114.2

See also