The Object.entries() method returns an array of a given object's own enumerable property [key, value] pairs, in the same order as that provided by a loop (the difference being that a for-in loop enumerates properties in the prototype chain as well).




The object whose enumerable own property [key, value] pairs are to be returned.

Return value

An array of the given object's own enumerable property [key, value] pairs.


Object.entries() returns an array whose elements are arrays corresponding to the enumerable property [key, value] pairs found directly upon object. The ordering of the properties is the same as that given by looping over the property values of the object manually.


const obj = { foo: 'bar', baz: 42 };
console.log(Object.entries(obj)); // [ ['foo', 'bar'], ['baz', 42] ]

// array like object
const obj = { 0: 'a', 1: 'b', 2: 'c' };
console.log(Object.entries(obj)); // [ ['0', 'a'], ['1', 'b'], ['2', 'c'] ]

// array like object with random key ordering
const anObj = { 100: 'a', 2: 'b', 7: 'c' };
console.log(Object.entries(anObj)); // [ ['2', 'b'], ['7', 'c'], ['100', 'a'] ]

// getFoo is property which isn't enumerable
const myObj = Object.create({}, { getFoo: { value() { return; } } }); = 'bar';
console.log(Object.entries(myObj)); // [ ['foo', 'bar'] ]

// non-object argument will be coerced to an object
console.log(Object.entries('foo')); // [ ['0', 'f'], ['1', 'o'], ['2', 'o'] ]

// returns an empty array for any primitive type, since primitives have no own properties
console.log(Object.entries(100)); // [ ]

// iterate through key-value gracefully
const obj = { a: 5, b: 7, c: 9 };
for (const [key, value] of Object.entries(obj)) {
  console.log(`${key} ${value}`); // "a 5", "b 7", "c 9"

// Or, using array extras
Object.entries(obj).forEach(([key, value]) => {
console.log(`${key} ${value}`); // "a 5", "b 7", "c 9"

Converting an Object to a Map

The new Map() constructor accepts an iterable of entries. With Object.entries, you can easily convert from Object to Map:

const obj = { foo: 'bar', baz: 42 }; 
const map = new Map(Object.entries(obj));
console.log(map); // Map { foo: "bar", baz: 42 }

Iterating through an Object

Using Array Destructuring, you can iterate through objects easily.

const obj = { foo: 'bar', baz: 42 };
Object.entries(obj).forEach(([key, value]) => console.log(`${key}: ${value}`)); // "foo: bar", "baz: 42"


To add compatible Object.entries support in older environments that do not natively support it, you can find a demonstrational implementation of Object.entries in the tc39/proposal-object-values-entries (if you don't need any support for IE), a polyfill in the es-shims/Object.entries repositories, or you can use the simple, ready to deploy polyfill listed below. 

if (!Object.entries)
  Object.entries = function( obj ){
    var ownProps = Object.keys( obj ),
        i = ownProps.length,
        resArray = new Array(i); // preallocate the Array
    while (i--)
      resArray[i] = [ownProps[i], obj[ownProps[i]]];
    return resArray;

For the above polyfill code snippet, if you need support for IE < 9, then you will also need an Object.keys polyfill (such as the one found on the Object.keys page).


Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Object.entries' in that specification.
Draft Initial definition.
ECMAScript 2017 (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Object.entries' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support541447 No4110.1
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support5454 Yes4741 No6.0

See also