Breadcrumb Navigation

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Breadcrumb navigation helps the user to understand their location in the website by providing a breadcrumb trail back to the start page.

Links displayed inline with separators

Requirements

The items typically display inline with a separator to indicate a hierarchy between individual pages.

Recipe

Choices made

This pattern is laid out using a simple flex layout demonstrating how a line of CSS can give us our navigation. The separators are added using CSS Generated Content. You could change these to any separator that you like.

Accessibility concerns

I have used the aria-label and aria-current attributes to help users understand what this navigation is and where the current page is in the structure. See the related links for more information.

Browser compatibility

The various layout methods have different browser support. See the charts below for details on basic support for the properties used.

Flexbox

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
flexChrome Full support 29
Full support 29
Full support 21
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Edge Full support 12
Full support 12
Full support 12
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Full support 20
Notes
Full support 20
Notes
Notes Since Firefox 28, multi-line flexbox is supported.
Notes Before Firefox 32, Firefox wasn't able to animate values starting or stopping at 0.
Notes Until Firefox 61, flex items that are sized according to their content are sized using fit-content, not max-content.
No support 18 — 28
Disabled
Disabled From version 18 until version 28 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.flexbox.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Full support 49
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Full support 48
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 48: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE Full support 11
Notes
Full support 11
Notes
Notes Internet Explorer 11 ignores uses of calc() in the flex-basis part of the flex syntax. This can be worked around by using the longhand properties instead of the shorthand. See Flexbug #8 for more info.
Notes Internet Explorer 11 considers a unitless value in the flex-basis part to be syntactically invalid (and will thus be ignored). A workaround is to always include a unit in the flex-basis part of the flex shorthand value. See Flexbug #4 for more info.
Full support 10
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -ms-
Notes Internet Explorer 10 and 11 ignore uses of calc() in the flex-basis part of the flex syntax. This can be worked around by using the longhand properties instead of the shorthand. See Flexbug #8 for more info.
Notes Internet Explorer 10 and 11 consider a unitless value in the flex-basis part to be syntactically invalid (and will thus be ignored). A workaround is to always include a unit in the flex-basis part of the flex shorthand value. See Flexbug #4 for more info.
Opera Full support 12.1Safari Full support 9
Full support 9
Full support 6.1
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
WebView Android Full support 4.4
Full support 4.4
Full support ≤37
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Chrome Android Full support 29
Full support 29
Full support 25
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Android Full support 20
Notes
Full support 20
Notes
Notes Since Firefox 28, multi-line flexbox is supported.
Notes Before Firefox 32, Firefox wasn't able to animate values starting or stopping at 0.
Notes Until Firefox 61, flex items that are sized according to their content are sized using fit-content, not max-content.
No support 18 — 28
Disabled
Disabled From version 18 until version 28 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.flexbox.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Full support 49
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Full support 48
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 48: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 12.1Safari iOS Full support 9
Full support 9
Full support 7
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

See also