attr

Описание

С помощью функции CSS attr() можно извлекать значение атрибута выбранного элемента и использовать это значение в таблице стилей. Функция работает и с псевдо-элементами. В этом случае возвращается значение атрибута элемента, для которого формируется псевдо-элемент.

Функцию attr() можно использовать с любым свойством CSS, но поддержка иных свойств, кроме content, является экспериментальной.

Синтаксис

/* Пример простого использования */
attr(data-count);
attr(title);

/* С типом */
attr(src url);
attr(data-count number);
attr(data-width px);

/* с фоллбэком */
attr(data-count number, 0);
attr(src url, '');
attr(data-width px, inherit);
attr(data-something, 'default');

Значения

attribute-name
Название атрибута элемента HTML, на который ссылаемся в CSS.
<type-or-unit> Experimental
Является ключевым словом, представляющим либо тип значения атрибута, либо его единицу, так как в HTML некоторые атрибуты имеют неявные единицы. Если использование <type-or-unit> в качестве значения для данного атрибута недопустимо, выражение attr() также будет недопустимым. Если этот параметр опущен, по умолчанию используется string . Список допустимых значений:
Ключевое слово Тип Комментарий Значение по умолчанию
string <string> (en-US) The attribute value is treated as a CSS <string> (en-US).  It is NOT reparsed, and in particular the characters are used as-is instead of CSS escapes being turned into different characters. An empty string
color Experimental <color> The attribute value is parsed as a hash (3- or 6-value hash) or a keyword. It must be a valid CSS <string> (en-US) value.
Leading and trailing spaces are stripped.
currentColor
url Experimental <url> The attribute value is parsed as a string that is used inside a CSS url()function.
Relative URL are resolved relatively to the original document, not relatively to the style sheet.
Leading and trailing spaces are stripped.
The url about:invalid that points to a non-existent document with a generic error condition.
integer Experimental <integer> The attribute value is parsed as a CSS <integer>. If it is not valid, that is not an integer or out of the range accepted by the CSS property, the default value is used.
Leading and trailing spaces are stripped.
0, or, if 0 is not a valid value for the property, the property's minimum value.
number Experimental <number> The attribute value is parsed as a CSS <number>. If it is not valid, that is not a number or out of the range accepted by the CSS property, the default value is used.
Leading and trailing spaces are stripped.
0, or, if 0 is not a valid value for the property, the property's minimum value.
length Experimental <length> The attribute value is parsed as a CSS <length> dimension, that is including the unit (e.g. 12.5em). If it is not valid, that is not a length or out of the range accepted by the CSS property, the default value is used.
If the given unit is a relative length, attr()computes it to an absolute length.
Leading and trailing spaces are stripped.
0, or, if 0 is not a valid value for the property, the property's minimum value.
em, ex, px, rem, vw, vh, vmin, vmax, mm, cm, in, pt, or pc Experimental <length> The attribute value is parsed as a CSS <number>, that is without the unit (e.g. 12.5), and interpreted as a <length> with the specified unit. If it is not valid, that is not a number or out of the range accepted by the CSS property, the default value is used.
If the given unit is a relative length, attr()computes it to an absolute length.
Leading and trailing spaces are stripped.
0, or, if 0 is not a valid value for the property, the property's minimum value.
angle Experimental <angle> The attribute value is parsed as a CSS <angle> dimension, that is including the unit (e.g. 30.5deg). If it is not valid, that is not an angle or out of the range accepted by the CSS property, the default value is used.
Leading and trailing spaces are stripped.
0deg, or, if 0deg is not a valid value for the property, the property's minimum value.
deg, grad, rad Experimental <angle> The attribute value is parsed as a CSS <number>, that is without the unit (e.g. 12.5), and interpreted as an <angle> with the specified unit. If it is not valid, that is not a number or out of the range accepted by the CSS property, the default value is used.
Leading and trailing spaces are stripped.
0deg, or, if 0deg is not a valid value for the property, the property's minimum value.
time Experimental <time> The attribute value is parsed as a CSS <time> dimension, that is including the unit (e.g. 30.5ms). If it is not valid, that is not a time or out of the range accepted by the CSS property, the default value is used.
Leading and trailing spaces are stripped.
0s, or, if 0s is not a valid value for the property, the property's minimum value.
s, ms Experimental <time> The attribute value is parsed as a CSS <number>, that is without the unit (e.g. 12.5), and interpreted as an<time> with the specified unit. If it is not valid, that is not a number or out of the range accepted by the CSS property, the default value is used.
Leading and trailing spaces are stripped.
0s, or, if 0s is not a valid value for the property, the property's minimum value.
frequency Experimental <frequency> (en-US) The attribute value is parsed as a CSS <frequency> (en-US) dimension, that is including the unit (e.g. 30.5kHz). If it is not valid, that is not a frequency or out of the range accepted by the CSS property, the default value is used. 0Hz, or, if 0Hz is not a valid value for the property, the property's minimum value.
Hz, kHz Experimental <frequency> (en-US) The attribute value is parsed as a CSS <number>, that is without the unit (e.g. 12.5), and interpreted as a <frequency> (en-US) with the specified unit. If it is not valid, that is not a number or out of the range accepted by the CSS property, the default value is used.
Leading and trailing spaces are stripped.
0Hz, or, if 0Hz is not a valid value for the property, the property's minimum value.
% Experimental <percentage> The attribute value is parsed as a CSS <number>, that is without the unit (e.g. 12.5), and interpreted as a <percentage>. If it is not valid, that is not a number or out of the range accepted by the CSS property, the default value is used.
If the given value is used as a length, attr()computes it to an absolute length.
Leading and trailing spaces are stripped.
0%, or, if 0% is not a valid value for the property, the property's minimum value.
<fallback> Experimental
The value to be used if the associated attribute is missing or contains an invalid value. The fallback value must be valid where attr() is used, even if it is not used, and must not contain another attr() expression. If attr() is not the sole component value of a property, its <fallback> value must be of the type defined by <type-or-unit>. If not set, CSS will use the default value defined for each <type-or-unit>.

Формальный синтаксис

Error: could not find syntax for this item

Пример

p::before {
  content: attr(data-foo) " ";
}
<p data-foo="hello">world</p>

Результат

Спецификации

Specification
CSS Values and Units Module Level 5
# attr-notation

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