Statements

Aplikasi JavaScript terdiri dari statemen dengan sebuah sintaks tertentu. Sebuah statement dapat terdiri lebih dari satu baris. Setiap statement dapat berupa sebaris kode jika di pisahkan dengan semikolon ( ; ). Bukan merupakan keyword, tapi sekumpulan keyword.

Statemen dan deklarasi berdasarkan kategori

Untuk daftar berdasarkan alfabet lihat pada sidebar sebelah kiri.

Control flow

Block (en-US)
Sebuah block statemen digunakan untuk mengelompokkan zero ( 0 ) atau lebih statement. Block ini dibatasi menggunakan kurung kurawal.
break (en-US)
Membatasi  loop, switch, atau label statement dan transfer kontrol program pada statement berdasakan statemen akhir.
continue (en-US)
Terminates execution of the statements in the current iteration of the current or labeled loop, and continues execution of the loop with the next iteration.
Empty
An empty statement is used to provide no statement, although the JavaScript syntax would expect one.
if...else (en-US)
Executes a statement if a specified condition is true. If the condition is false, another statement can be executed.
switch (en-US)
Evaluates an expression, matching the expression's value to a case clause, and executes statements associated with that case.
throw (en-US)
Throws a user-defined exception.
try...catch (en-US)
Marks a block of statements to try, and specifies a response, should an exception be thrown.

Deklarasi

var (en-US)
Mendeklarasikan variabel, biasanya menginisialisasi ke sebuah nilai.
let (en-US)
Declares a block scope local variable, optionally initializing it to a value.
const (en-US)
Declares a read-only named constant.

Fungsi dan class

function
Declares a function with the specified parameters.
function* (en-US)
Generators functions enable writing iterators more easily.
return (en-US)
Specifies the value to be returned by a function.
class
Declares a class.

Iterations

do...while
Creates a loop that executes a specified statement until the test condition evaluates to false. The condition is evaluated after executing the statement, resulting in the specified statement executing at least once.
for (en-US)
Creates a loop that consists of three optional expressions, enclosed in parentheses and separated by semicolons, followed by a statement executed in the loop.
This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work. This API has not been standardized. for each...in
Iterates a specified variable over all values of object's properties. For each distinct property, a specified statement is executed.
for...in
Iterates over the enumerable properties of an object, in arbitrary order. For each distinct property, statements can be executed.
for...of (en-US)
Iterates over iterable objects (including arrays, array-like objects, iterators and generators), invoking a custom iteration hook with statements to be executed for the value of each distinct property.
while (en-US)
Creates a loop that executes a specified statement as long as the test condition evaluates to true. The condition is evaluated before executing the statement.

Others

debugger (en-US)
Invokes any available debugging functionality. If no debugging functionality is available, this statement has no effect.
export
Used to export functions to make them available for imports in external modules, another scripts.
import (en-US)
Used to import functions exported from an external module, another script.
label (en-US)
Provides a statement with an identifier that you can refer to using a break or continue statement.
This deprecated API should no longer be used, but will probably still work. with (en-US)
Extends the scope chain for a statement.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 1st Edition (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Statements' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition
ECMAScript 3rd Edition (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Statements' in that specification.
Standard  
ECMAScript 5.1 (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Statements' in that specification.
Standard  
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'ECMAScript Language: Statements and Declarations' in that specification.
Standard New: function*, let, for...of, yield, class
ECMAScript (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'ECMAScript Language: Statements and Declarations' in that specification.
Living Standard  

See also