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The default keyword can be used in two situations in JavaScript: within a switch statement, or with an export statement.

Syntax

Within a switch statement:

switch (expression) {
  case value1:
    //Statements executed when the result of expression matches value1
    [break;]
  default:
    //Statements executed when none of the values match the value of the expression
    [break;]
}

With export statement:

export default nameN 

Description

For more details see the

Examples

Using default in switch statements

In the following example, if expr evaluates to "Oranges" or "Apples", the program matches the values with either the case "Oranges" or "Apples" and executes the corresponding statement. The default keyword will help in any other case and executes the associated statement.

switch (expr) {
  case 'Oranges':
    console.log('Oranges are $0.59 a pound.');
    break;
  case 'Apples':
    console.log('Apples are $0.32 a pound.');
    break;
  default:
    console.log('Sorry, we are out of ' + expr + '.');
}

Using default with export

If you want to export a single value or need a fallback value for a module, a default export can be used:

// module "my-module.js"
let cube = function cube(x) {
  return x * x * x;
};
export default cube;

Then, in another script, it will be straightforward to import the default export:

// module "my-module.js"
import cube from 'my-module';  //default export gave us the liberty to say import cube, instead of import cube from 'my-module'
console.log(cube(3)); // 27

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'switch statement' in that specification.
Standard  
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Exports' in that specification.
Standard  
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'switch statement' in that specification.
Draft  
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Exports' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung InternetNode.js
default keyword in switchChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support Yes
default keyword with exportChrome Full support 61Edge Full support 16
Full support 16
Full support 15
Disabled
Disabled From version 15: this feature is behind the Experimental JavaScript Features preference.
Firefox Full support 60
Full support 60
No support 54 — 60
Disabled
Disabled From version 54 until version 60 (exclusive): this feature is behind the dom.moduleScripts.enabled preference. To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera Full support 47Safari Full support 10.1WebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 61Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 60
Full support 60
No support 54 — 60
Disabled
Disabled From version 54 until version 60 (exclusive): this feature is behind the dom.moduleScripts.enabled preference. To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 47Safari iOS Full support 10.1Samsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: sudheerj,