The import.meta object exposes context-specific metadata to a JavaScript module. It contains information about the module, like the module's URL.




The syntax consists of the keyword import, a dot, and the identifier meta. Normally the left-hand side of the dot is the object on which property access is performed, but here import is not really an object.

The import.meta object is created by the ECMAScript implementation, with a null prototype. The object is extensible, and its properties are writable, configurable, and enumerable.


Using import.meta

Given a module my-module.js

<script type="module" src="my-module.js"></script>

you can access meta information about the module using the import.meta object.

console.log(import.meta); // { url: "file:///home/user/my-module.js" }

It returns an object with a url property indicating the base URL of the module. This will either be the URL from which the script was obtained, for external scripts, or the document base URL of the containing document, for inline scripts.

Note that this will include query parameters and/or hash (i.e., following the ? or #).

For example, with the following HTML:

<script type="module">
import './index.mjs?someURLInfo=5';

..the following JavaScript file will log the `someURLInfo parameter:

// index.mjs
new URL(import.meta.url).searchParams.get('someURLInfo'); // 5

The same applies when a file imports another:

// index.mjs
import './index2.mjs?someURLInfo=5';

// index2.mjs
new URL(import.meta.url).searchParams.get('someURLInfo'); // 5

Note that while Node.js will pass on query parameters (or the hash) as in the latter example, as of Node 14.1.0, a URL with query parameters will err when loading in the form node --experimental-modules index.mjs?someURLInfo=5 (it is treated as a file rather than a URL in this context).

Such file-specific argument passing may be complementary to that used in the application-wide location.href (with query strings or hash added after the HTML file path) (or on Node.js, through process.argv).


import.meta proposal
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'import.meta' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also