CanvasRenderingContext2D.createImageData()

The CanvasRenderingContext2D.createImageData() method of the Canvas 2D API creates a new, blank ImageData object with the specified dimensions. All of the pixels in the new object are transparent black.

Syntax

ImageData ctx.createImageData(width, height);
ImageData ctx.createImageData(imagedata);

Parameters

width

The width to give the new ImageData object. A negative value flips the rectangle around the vertical axis.

height

The height to give the new ImageData object. A negative value flips the rectangle around the horizontal axis.

imagedata

An existing ImageData object from which to copy the width and height. The image itself is not copied.

Return value

A new ImageData object with the specified width and height. The new object is filled with transparent black pixels.

Exceptions

IndexSizeError DOMException

Thrown if either of the width or height arguments is zero.

Examples

Creating a blank ImageData object

This snippet creates a blank ImageData object using the createImageData() method.

<canvas id="canvas"></canvas>

The generated object is 100 pixels wide and 50 pixels tall, making 5,000 pixels in all. Each pixel within an ImageData object consists of four array values, so the object's data property has a length of 4 × 5,000, or 20,000.

const canvas = document.getElementById('canvas');
const ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');

const imageData = ctx.createImageData(100, 50);
console.log(imageData);
// ImageData { width: 100, height: 50, data: Uint8ClampedArray[20000] }

Filling a blank ImageData object

This example creates and fills a new ImageData object with purple pixels.

<canvas id="canvas"></canvas>

Since each pixel consists of four values, the for loop iterates by multiples of four. The array values associated with each pixel are R (red), G (green), B (blue), and A (alpha), in that order.

const canvas = document.getElementById('canvas');
const ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');
const imageData = ctx.createImageData(100, 100);

// Iterate through every pixel
for (let i = 0; i < imageData.data.length; i += 4) {
  // Modify pixel data
  imageData.data[i + 0] = 190;  // R value
  imageData.data[i + 1] = 0;    // G value
  imageData.data[i + 2] = 210;  // B value
  imageData.data[i + 3] = 255;  // A value
}

// Draw image data to the canvas
ctx.putImageData(imageData, 20, 20);

Result

More examples

For more examples using createImageData() and the ImageData object, see Pixel manipulation with canvas and ImageData.data.

Specifications

Specification
HTML Standard (HTML)
# dom-context-2d-createimagedata-dev

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also